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Sociology (1,479)
SOC356Y1 (6)

tech reading 1

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University of Toronto St. George
Barry Wellman

tech - chp 1 trudy fell and injured her head. needed surgery before surgery peter, her husband took pictures with his mobile. later that night, emailed to some close friends within 36hrs, nearly 150 people had sent emails of poems, offer to help and wishes to trudy. many help came through, provided lunch or peter, tips on insurance, billing and financial aid for the cost of the surgery. also used networks to ask for financial help people who were unknown helped them. medical ups and downs, peter had a mild stroke as well. many ‘strangers’ who are unknown to P+T but know their friends helped out. friends, set up an e-commerce paypal for donations. this whole network involved the use of email, websites, regular phones, and mobile phones to coordinate. networked individualism technologies are not isolating systems. they are being incorporated in people’s social lives much like their predecessors were. people are not hooked on gadgets, they are hooked on each other when they go on internet, they are not isolating themselves, they are conversing with others through emails, blogs. though, these gadgets have changed the way people communicate with each other. they have become increasingly networked as individuals, rather than embedded in groups. in the world of networked individuals, it is the person who is the focus: not the family, not the social group. P+T’s story is a basic story of the new social operating system called networked individualism. networked individualism is an operating system because it describes the ways in which people connect, communicate, and exchange information. the social network operating system is personal - the individual is the autonomous center and everything is controllable to reach and send info. multiuser - people are interacting with numerous diverse others multi-tasking - people are doing several things multithreaded - they are doing them more or less simultaneously. in a traditional sense, people have been in tightly knit, small, close ties. today, the new world of networked individualism is oriented around looser, more fragmented networks that provide help. though, such networked has already formed before the rise of internet. this type of network has only expanded rapidly. analyst are afriad that due to people are more engaged to technology, they will spend less time in community organizations, hence the world we live in will have lower social trust, societal cohesion is lowered. the networked operating system gives people new ways to solve problems and meet social needs. offers freedom to individuals than people experienced in the past because now they have the capacity to act on their own. at the same time, the network operating system requires people to develop new strategies and skills for handling problems. like P+T had to devote time and effort to learn the art of networking (know which gadget to use) in short, networked individualism is both socially liberating and socially taxing. some say: technology that promises to connect people also threatens to overload them with extra work. as it sometimes takes more effort in conducting a deep meaningful communication than in person interaction. while technologies provide more ease to develop new relationships, it also makes it harder to sustain all of them equally due to the increasing distractions. however, compared to P+T, they argue that internet has extended their reach to sustain friends that are far from them. multi-tasking over multiple devices helps them coordinate interactions efficiently. the triple revolution’s impact on how networked individuals live their lives -P+T’s story highlights how the social network, internet, and mobile revolution are coming together to shift people’s social lives away from densely knit family, neighborhood to a more far-flung遥远, less tight, more diverse personal network. the social network revolution has provided the opportunities and stresses for people to reach beyond the world of tight groups. it has more diversity in relationships and social worlds, and the bridge to reach these worlds easily (easy access) though, it provides the stress of not having a single, stable home, and that have to sustain equally all mu
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