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Chapter 3

STUDY GUIDE: Chapter 3


Department
Spanish
Course Code
SPA100Y1
Professor
Essential Textbook Summary
Chapter
3

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SPANISH SPA100Y1 NOTES
CHAPTER 3
(3.1) POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES
In Spanish, just like in English, possessive adjectives exist. They are words that indicate
possession towards a person / people. Unlike in English however, the possessive adjective can
either be singular or plural depending on whether the noun that follows it is singular or plural.
It should be noted that for our and your (plural), the possessive adjectives can be either masculine
or feminine, depending on the gender of the noun that follows it.
SINGULAR PLURAL
MYMI(s)Mi libro
(My book)OUR
NUESTRO(s
)
NUESTRA(s
)
Nuestros clases
(Our classes)
YOUR (sing.)TU(s)Tus compleanos
(Your birthdays)YOUR (plur.)VUESTRO(s
)
VUESTRA(s)
Vuestra profesora
(Your professor)
HIS/HER or
YOUR
(formal)SU(s)Su lapíz
(His/Her
pencil)THEIRSU(s)Sus vacaciones
(Their vacations)
(3.2) CARDINAL NUMBERS (from 100 to 1000)
100 » cien600 »
seiscientos(as)
101 » ciento uno/una 700 » setecientos(
as)
102 » ciento dos800 »
ochocientos(as)
200 » doscientos(as)900 »
novecientos(as)
201 » doscientos uno 1000 » mil
300 » trescientos(as)1001 » mil uno
400 » cuatrocientos(as)1100 » mil cien
500 » quinientos(as)1101 » mil ciento uno
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The following cardinal numbers: {200, 300, 400, 500, 600, 700, 800, 900} change to as when the
noun following it is feminine. However, they remain unchanged (-os) if they are not multiples of
100 (for instance: 220 is still doscientos veinte even if the noun following it is feminine. However,
200 becomes doscientas if the noun following it is feminine).
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