Smc206 - Chapter six notes

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University of Toronto St. George
St. Michael's College Courses
Michael O Connor

Smc206 Notes Chapter 6  141: Friedrich Schleiermacher (1768-1834)  Considers how music has the power to “expose the heart of true religion”  Was a scholar-pastor, an ordained minister of the Reformed church, distinguished academic, professor of theology at Berlin University, writer, philosopher, political advisor and preacher.  International figure  142: Modern Christian thinker  At the end of the eighteenth century there was the emergence of the study of historical accuracy of the bible  Coupled with the emergence of the natural sciences and the increasing confidence with scientific inquiry, as well as the serious understanding of non- Christian religions, Christianity became interpreted as one “one instance of a much wider religious awareness”  Schleiermacher colored theology in “the anthropological turn” o The search for what is reliably and authentically true o Immediate experiences and perceptions  Religion cannot be understood only through the bible or the church but also through what is “fundamentally and primordially human”  Religion at Christmas  Christmas Eve: Dialogue on the Incarnation – Schleiermacher, 1805  Fine entrée to Schleiermacher’s theology  This was created before his main work  Music was really important to Schleiermacher  He contains musical analogies and metaphors in his writing – and music is also given a religious significance  143: the story o Eduard, Ernestine and their children gathered with their friends on Christmas eve o Ten year old Sophie – given a present, a book of music. She was a singer and pianist o She is not only musical, she is also religious and decides to go sing hymns and chorales in the music room with her father and friends o “…as so it happens with religious music, in a mood of inner satisfaction and retirement…followed… by a few silent moments in which they all knew that the heart of each person was turned in love toward something higher still” o Lawyer and rationalist was invited in and said that Sophie’s devotion was too much for a child. She should be playing with toys o Parents defended her o Eduard says “”I feel overflowing with the joy of pure serenity… I feel I owe in part to the fact that our little one has invited us to express it in music. For every fine feeling comes completely to the fore only when we found the right musical expression for it… and it is precisely to religious feeling that music is most closely related.” o The friends discuss the true nature of piety in Christmas o Three women offer stories from their past o Friederike says that he will be at the piano and he will put these narratives to music o The women believe that Christmas is centered on the mother of Christ o 144: the men some this up to be: a woman knows that when she is having a child the church and the Holy Spirit are within her. And when that happens every woman has the experience of birthing Christ o The women win this discussion and now the men enter into discussion about the incarnation – not something that lightens up a party o When the third man concludes his argument, there is a late guest who arrives. His name is Josef and some think it is Schleiermacher walking into his own story  Josef is angry about how the evening has turned out  He wants Sophie to come back in to remind everyone about the new life and fellowship of Christmas that no words can say but that music can express  “…all speech-making too tedious and cold…Come, then, and above all bring the child if she is not yet asleep, and let me see your glories, and let us be glad and sing something religious and joyful.”  The musically pious Sophie is set against the reflective, analytic and intellectual men.  145: Sophie’s piety has come from within and it has come naturally to her. It is not acquired as the men’s is  When pressured to say why she feels this way, Sophie shows the ture nature of piety. Sophie speaks and acts directly from her immediate awareness  Sophie embodies kingdom life  Leonhardt represents learning and Sophie represents and deep and basic understanding  This contrast is also present amongst the women and the men  For Schleiermacher this represents a portrayal of genuine religion that is seen through the perceptions of a ten year old, the intuition of a woman, and the experience of music  Schleiermacher’s Religious Vision  Schleiermacher is trying to hold together piety and intellect, heart and head  In his childhood Schleiermacher was affected by Moravians who stressed the need for the heartfelt love of Jesus and the ability of direct access to God through Jesus  In his early years, Schleiermacher has doubts about conservative Protestantism  146: Later, when he was an ordained minister he was affected by the Romantic movement  He became convinced of the need to persuade his skeptical contemporaries that religion was
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