Required Readings September 17 - 19.docx

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St. Michael's College Courses
Carly Manion

Giving Shape to Catholic Identity and life Making Sense: A Student's Guide to Research and Writing: Religious Studies (Chapter 3) What are some general guidelines for effective thinking and writing in higher education, and how can writers avoid using biased language?  Effective thinking - asking the purpose of the writing and the audience intend, length, tone  Using Bias-free language - realize any sources of assumption (Ex. use of AD and BC or BCE and CE) o Respecting the religion even though you may not agree o Using the neutralization of 'they' instead of she/he or God instead of him/he if requested The Catholic Church (Chapter 3) 1.Why did Roman authorities sometimes persecute Christians? What different forms did such persecution take between the second and fourth centuries CE?  Dioclentian - bringing massive persecute in order to bring peace  As long as you kept up with sacrifices you were allowed to keep your religion but this was not accepted o Not enough sacrifice meant more war (charged with hate for humans and atheism, arson, treason, black magic, cannibalism) 2. What were two different strategies that Christians took to respond to persecution, and which early Christians exemplified these different strategies? (page 50)  Explain Christianity to others  Reject the world that persecuted them  Those who abandoned were called lapsi 3. What was the impact of Greek philosophy upon the early Christian movement?  Divided Christians making them pick whether to find more knowledge in Greek philosophy (Origen) or to believe that all their knowledge was already set (Tertullian) 4. What is Gnosticism? What were the main arguments employed by Irenaeus of Lyons to refute Gnosticism in his Against Heresies?  Gnosticism - Christ's role to bring knowledge to humans rather than to die for salvation (revealing philosophy rather than an act) - Page 53  Goal of life: gain knowledge about your nature than use it to exit death - Page 54  Beliefs: o God is a spirity and good and matter is evil so God did not create world o Secondary divine called Demiurge (drugging divines and trap them from true nature) o Humans are elements of good trapped  Refutes: o Jesus fully human not a body used by Christ and fully divine (not teacher) => brought both with him, so redemption possible o Selected writings moved to New Testament dismissing gospels Letters of Paul (c. 53 - 58) 1. For Paul, how are Christians related to one another and to Christ? What are some of the different ministries he describes and who are some of the different persons involved in these ministries?  "This is my body that is for you. Do this in remembrance of me...."  1 Corinthians : 12, For just as the body is one and has many members, and all members of the body, through many, are one body, so it is with Christ. For in the one Spirit we were all baptized into one body - Jews or Greeks, slaves or free - and we were all made to drink of one Spirit o We are related through communion  Romans 12: 6 -8, Ministry, in ministering, the teacher, in teaching, the exhorter, in exhortation; the giver, in generosity; the leader, in diligence; the compassionate, in cheerfulness 2. What, according to Paul, is the relationship between Jews and Gentiles in God's plan?  Romans 16:16, Greet one another with a holy kiss. All the churches of Christ greet you o To show that anyone can become Christian as long as their faith follows Readings from Didache (c. 100CE), the Apostolic Tradition (c. 215 CE), and the Didascalia of the Apostles (c. 200 - 250 CE)/ All three of these documents are sometimes called "Church orders" because they describe the "order" - structures of living, worship and authority - in their different Christian communities. Read and compare: 1. Christian living and morality 2. Leaders in the community: Who are they? How are they chosen and 'ordained? What are their major responsibilities? 3. Ritual of worship, baptism, the Lord's supper and/or penance. Cate
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