Making Sense: A Student's Guide to Research and Writing: Religious Studies (Pages 35 - 39, 153 - 161)
1. What are some good strategies for reading sources and drawing on them for your papers?
Recording all source's bibliographic info
Don't write down everything
2. How do you cite these sources properly and avoid plagiarism?
Use of footnotes/endnotes
Include author name, title, publishing details, date of publication, specific page number
Full Citation than shortened
The Catholic Church: A Brief Popular History (Pages 111 - 130, 182 - 186)
*Latin was not longer common language, Charl. = education
1. Who were Anthony and Pachomius of Egypt, and why are they important in the history of Christian
Anthony and Pachomius weny to the Egyptian desert to live a monastic live
o Inspired Augustine to allow his ppl. to come together 7/day for a common prayer and live in poverty
o Influenced 4th century Martin of Tours, leaving military and lived a life of monasticism and leading
2. What was so innovative about the Rule of St. Benedict in the fifth century? How did the Benedictine model differ
from Celtic movements?
Described what a monk should and should not be deriving from Augustine's work
o Influenced monasticism:
Humility and compassion
Eight daily worships and performing manual labor (physical work, study and prayer)
Believed in balance compared to other movement
Celtics - polytheistic (more than one God), solely on scriptures, started up Pagans
o not common with Benedictine because did not believe in moderation (a lot of fasting)
3. Who were Francis of Assissi and Dominic De Guzman, and how were their visions of religious life distinct from
those of Anthony of Egypt and Benedict of Nursia? Why?
Francis of Assissi: Left the life of rich to be poor
o Did not all live together but moved around preaching, ideal of poverty
o More interested in being an example rather than leading (received a stigmata) *Rejected rule
Dominic De Guzman: Focused on preaching rather than the spirituality of poverty, fighting Cathars
4. What were some opportunities for women in ancient and medieval monastic communities?
Creation of nuns by Bishop Caesarius of Arles: Nuns were not allowed to leave the monastery (far important for
Abbesses were suppose to get approval fr. the bishop before leaving cloister
Brigid of Kildare: solitary monks to live next door (double monastery where men/women lived in different places
but came together for worship)
Famous figure: Leoba - studied Hebrew and writing while staying at the court with Hiltigard but wanted to leave
Note: Easter was debated to be either Roman (Peter) or Celtic (Columba) => Benedictine won and Romanized
Pope Succession: Leo l -> Gelasius l: Two swords, one for pop and one for emperor Life of St. Mary of Eygpt
1. What is it that Zossima is