Chapter Five.docx

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St. Michael's College Courses
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Carly Manion

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Chapter Five - Language and Literacy Development Major Components of Language (256 - 266)  Phonology - sounds of language  Semantics - meaning of words  Syntax - way the words are combined  Pragmatics - using language in different context  Lexicon - volcabulary  Metalinguistic - understanding language and properties of it Chomsky's View  Language acquisition device - recognize the universal rules/universal grammar syntax is inherited with no role of evn't  Critical period for language acquisition - if certain internal/external condition wrt. to language are missing than it will never develop Does Language Emerge from the Interaction of Mind and Environment?  Piaget's view: nature and nurture contribute to int. growth (symbolic thought pre-condition for language) o Collective monologue - talking to each other but not talking to each other o Internal structures important not deterministic Does Language development depend on social interaction?  Vygotsky's view: child construct evn't through internal mental and physical experiences (communicative speech before verbal) o Dynamic relationship between language and thought o Language acquisition support system - formats input of language for child making it transparent to LAD Learning to Communicate (266 - 278, 281 - 284) Learning Language  Communication requires attention or intersubjectivity - sharing common focus and is child-direct as motherese or parentese First Words  Receptive language is understanding words earlier but tend to use holophrases which is having one word to convey more than one meaning  Telegraphic speech does not include conjunctions Children's Language After Age 5  Communicative competence learning to use words in appropriate manner Language into Adolescence  Emotionally adolescents are moody = poems  Appreciation of humor begins 6 - 8 until 10 - 13 metalinguistic explanations of humor (puns)  Language: social currency or creative outlet Learning Two Languages  Simultaneous bilinguals - two languages at the same time (use of mixed speech incorporating ending/beginning of words)  Unitary language combine words according to syntax (different languages) or differentiated language choose preferred language  Successive bilingualism capable of learning English and another language Some Basic Principles of Language Development 1. Language is a social phenomenon: need to fx in society 2. Children acquire language without direct instruction or short time: Age 7, 90% of language learned 3. All languages are symbol systems with socially constructed rules for combining sounds into words making meaning with them 4. Language is complex, children cannot learn all at once 5. Language comprehension (receptive language) comes before: speak>write/read *Changing intonation Literacy Development (284 - 299, 307 - 310, 317 - 320) 
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