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SMC103Y1 Chapter Notes -Diocletian, Gallienus, Diocletianic Persecution

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Pg 40-60
96-180 CE = golden age of the empire
age of prosperity, industrialization, economic growth
In the span of 50 yrs 25 ppl claimed to be emperor of rome
emperor Gallienus had to deal with 18 ppl who claimed his throne
Diocletian came into power at 284
in 293 he divided the empire into 4 administrative districts
he appointed a co emperor and two lesser emperors
he put wage and price controls in place to deal with inflation and began a massive persecution of
Christians; all apart of his attempt to bring peace to society
The word bishop comes from the word episkopos which means overseer
In attempts to discuss issues over the church and gospel teachings they held
Decons and deaconesses were the bishops helping hands
Ppl were free to believe what they wanted in the roman empire as long as they participated in the
sacrifices that kept the roman gods happy; ppl thought when battles occurred that the gods were also
fighting and battling in heavens and if you god was defeated in heaven than you would loose the battle
on earth
Many ppl thought that Christians were doing inappropriate things and so emperors would sometimes
send out ppl like pliny to spy on them
emperor Hadrian saw this and ruled in 124 that anyone who accused Christians of these false impure
activities would be punished
In 303 Diocletian wanted Christianity removed
The great persecution under Diocletian was the most serious
destruction of all churches, bibles were destroyed and burnt, Christians were fired etc
Christians who didn’t follow with worshipping other gods were tortured
2 ways Christian writes try to deal with the persecution by explain Christianity to others and rejecting
those who persecuted them.
apologies were written by writers; apologies means in greek justification or defence; they weren’t
saying sorry but instead they were explaining their side of the story
Justin martyr in his apology says that Christians were being punished becuz they were “Christians” not
because they were doing something wrong
Some ppl thought greek philo was the intellectual bedrock of the world in which Christianity developed
others saw it as a pathway of heresy
Tertullian thought philo was pointless to Christians
he studied law before becoming a priest
he decided that church was to liberal/lenient and joined a group called the montanists that the church
thought was heretical
he thought philo would lead to false teachings
he referred to philosophers as patriarchs of heretics
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