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St. Michael's College Courses

Pg 219-225  Renaissance; means rebirth time of creativity, literature, arts, music th  14-15 cents were the age of papal scandals Boniface managed to restore order in papal states and church finances King Philip annoyed Boniface because he would tax clergy members, kept church in france from sending money to Vatican, ignored canon laws etc Pg 197-216 oct 22-26  When genghis khan came to power in the early part of the 13 cent he managed to gain control over what had been a bunch of disorganized tribes and started expanding his empire  Starting in the tenth century, westerners began to have increased contact with Saracens who controlled spain and sicily the Saracens had translated many greek works in Arabic and western scholars jumped at the chance to translate them into Latin the Saracens had not just been sitting on these works for all those cens some of their most famous were on Aristotle in 1210 certain of aristotle’s wiring were banned at teh trendsetting university of paris becuz they contradicted biblical explanations this ban didn’t last long by 1255 the uni allowed Aristotle works and made it mandatory to be taught  Bernard and hildgard were signs of contradiction for their times, an abbot and an abbess whose vocation led them away from the world but whos lives led them right back into it  Bernard Dante introduces Bernard as a remarkable man, inspiring preacher, adviser to kings and popes, bernard was mentor to four popes and counsellor to secular rulers as well he went on a preaching tour building support for the crusade among both the nobility and the regular folks he preached against heretics in his day tried to convince people that innocent was the proper pope he wrote books and hymns on theology etc  Hildgard went to a convenat at age of 8 had her first vision at 3 and was still having them 35 yrs later when she became abbess of her convent she had visions of brightness and would call god the living light through visions she was able to attain a knowledge of scripture and was able to compose music w.o having previous music knowledge in 1147 she wrote the scivias which was about her visions and theology on sacraments, vows, salvation, history when she talks about god working in history her image is masculine but she presents god as feminine when speaking of the continuing divine presence in the world she believed that priests shouldn’t be women nor should women preach  Scholasticism uses logic/reason in theology  Anselm (1034-1109) most famous for saying “i believe in order to understand” start with in what god has revealed and then use reason as an aid to understanding those revelations ontological argument  is the philosophical study of being or existence and started with anslem when he looked at psalm 14:1 born in Italy went to france to be an abbot, then became archbishop of Canterbury in England he was known for reasoning his way through thological issues like the atonement, incarnation, predestination,  Renee de cartes i think therefore i am goes on to becoming i think therefore god exists  Peter Abelard (1079-1142) agreed that reason was important he inverted the scholastic understanding that everything must be checked against revealed truth he believed reason took precedence over faith or at least over what anybody said about faith made a work called sic et non(yes or no) that brought together statements from many different church authorities on 157 diff
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