The Catholic Church p11-40.docx

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Published on 6 Jul 2012
School
UTSG
Department
St. Michael's College Courses
Course
SMC103Y1
Professor
The Catholic Church p. 11-40
Church’s history was about everyone coming to pursue god’s will
Knowledge + wisdom: knowledge is about learning things and wisdom is about understanding them
Inside view and outside view: many groups over the centuries have found their beliefs declared heretical
cuz they diff from church teaching; from the church’s inside perspective at the time it was a duty to
protect the church from heresy
Rome had the most efficient army the world had ever seen
You were automatically a citizen if your parents were citizens; if not u cud gain the honour if u were a
former slaved freed by a citizen and if u did certain kinds of service for the empire.
citizens outside rome were exempt from certain taxes the other locals had to pay
Hellenism= to speak greek
Alexander the great
tutored by Aristotle
he was fascinated by the greek way of life
he looked for places to conquer and quickly gained control of much of the eastern Mediterranean +
middle east
he introduce Hellenism and named sites after himself
he had temples built for conversion into worshipping of the greek gods
his mvnt led to the widespread use of greek as a language
In 2nd cnt BCE, Judea was under control of the Seleucid empire; one of the spin offs of alexander’s
empire
^^this changed when Antiochus IV Epiphanes in 170 BCE ordered all lands under his rule of Hellenising
Antiochus said male children cudnt be circumcised in accordance with jewish law
he killed ppl within the temple walls
he ordered the temple to convert and worship greek gods
Macabees; jewish group
they rose up in revolt in 167 BCE and tossed the Seleucids out of Judea
they rededicated the temple and returned the land to jewish rule
they ruled Judea till 63 BCE when roman general pompey was asked to settle a dispute over who
should rule
In 1st cent rome it was ur civic duty to worship the gods and emporers
Mystery religions usually focused on a god who had somehow overcome death; either by going through
the cycle of death and rebirth or going to hell and back to earth
Most pop mystery religion was devoted to a Persian god; mithra
The day of mithra’s miraculous birth was celebrated dec 25 and according to traditions shepherds
wud bring gifts
Sadducees
upper class; priestly class; wealthy;powerful
saw temple worship as the center of jewish religious life
only what was in the torah was important
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Document Summary

Church"s history was about everyone coming to pursue god"s will. Knowledge + wisdom: knowledge is about learning things and wisdom is about understanding them. Rome had the most efficient army the world had ever seen. You were automatically a citizen if your parents were citizens; if not u cud gain the honour if u were a former slaved freed by a citizen and if u did certain kinds of service for the empire. Citizens outside rome were exempt from certain taxes the other locals had to pay. He was fascinated by the greek way of life. He looked for places to conquer and quickly gained control of much of the eastern mediterranean + middle east. He introduce hellenism and named sites after himself. He had temples built for conversion into worshipping of the greek gods. His mvnt led to the widespread use of greek as a language.

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