Chapter 3 part ii: vygotsky"s theory of cognitive development. Not possible to understand a child"s development without some understanding of culture child is raised in. Individual"s thinking patterns are not primarily due to innate factors but are products of cultural institutions and social activities. Through social activities learn to incorporate cultural tools into thinking. Cognitive development occurs as children internalize products of their social interactions. History of child"s culture and history of child"s own experiences are important for understanding cognitive development. Development can only be understood by looking at mutual influences of individuals, interpersonal, and cultural historical factors on one another. Vygotsky"s work did not become widely available until the 1960s. Knowledge is not individually constructed (as piaget proposed: is socially co-constructed between people as they interact ** Social interactions with more knowledgeable peers provide main vehicles for intellectual development. Knowledge is situated in a particular social or cultural context.