Origins - Chapter 08 Eight.docx

6 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George
Woodsworth College Courses
Thomas Socknat

Jason Ho Canadian History Page 1 JWH100Y1 October 16, 12 Origins: Canadian History to Confederation Textbook Notes Chapter Eight: The Aftermath of the Conquest of Quebec,1760--1774 British Military Rule, 1760--1763  The 70 000 Canadiens living along the St. Lawrence valley faced harsh wartime conditions with massive devastation and severe food shortages. The Articles of Capitulation  Fearing the worst (expulsion) the terms with the British were mild in caparison to the Acadians.  There were no guarantees of the survival of French laws, customs and institutions however they were allowed to retain their wealth and properties, and practice the Roman Catholic religion.  However, the bishop died in 1760 and left no successor, thus was put on a disadvantage, to the Church of England, which became the new established church. They can no longer count on government support.  The colony’s economy was severely disrupted after the war; many merchants lost everything either, returned to Europe was forced into bankruptcy. Fur trade industry was effectively halted during the war with no way to export the goods safely. The Proclamation of 1763  The Treaty of Paris in 1763 formally ended the Seven Years’ War and France ceded Canada to the British.  Britain now had the dubious task of administering a large French population in North America and hoped for them to be quickly assimilated.  They tried to entice New Englanders to migrate north to quicken the assimilation process but failed. Jason Ho Canadian History Page 2 JWH100Y1 October 16, 12  By the start of the American Revolution, it was still a very Roman Catholic society thanks in part to the high birth rate. Pontiac’s Resistance  An Ottawa chief in the Detroit region organized a pan-Indian confederacy and mounted a Native resistance to the British.  Amerindians resented settler encroachments on their lands and a general dissatisfaction in the difference in French and English policies (gift diplomacy vs one time purchase treaties).  In May 1763 the Amerindians attacked British garrisons settlements throughout the Mississippi and Ohio River and captured every British post west of Niagara except Detroit  Several factors led the Amerindians to make peace, such as, the need to hunt for the coming winter, word of the treaty between the French and English, and old rivalries resurfacing.  Land was then set aside west of the Allegheny Mountains for the Amerindians during the Proclamation and the British agreed not to colonize Amerindian territory without prior purchase, however that was hard to enforce. The Impact of the Royal Proclamation of 1763  Created a large Amerindian reserve, limiting the size of Quebec.  Roman Catholics were excluded from office and elected assemblies were promised to attract English Protestant settlers.  The Royal Proclamation of 1763 had "all the appearance of a hasty public compromise" that contained "many inadequacies and mistakes."  Military tribunals were set up after 1760 and they continued to uphold French law. However after the Royal Proclamation of 1763, they introduced the English legal system into the colony.  In reaction to the new system, the Canadiens often relied on local priests, notables and even former militia captains to settle disputes informally.  French civil law remained largely intact but English law dominated the Upper courts. Jason Ho Canadian History Page 3 JWH100Y1 October 16, 12 The Roman Catholic Church in the Province of Quebec  London had instructed to ensure the Canadiens be converted to the Protestant religion.  Officials quickly realized due the number of Protestants vs Roman Catholics in the province, they had to chance to convert them.  They also concluded that they could rally the church support because of their wide influence over the population and made no attempt to close their churches. The Selection of a New Bishop  After it became clear that New Englanders were not coming, the governor needed someone to deal as a leader of the French- Canadian society.  He chose Jean-Olivier Briand as the next bishop and was ordained in 1766.  The church co-operating with the British brought them many benefits such as an annuity. The governor in turn used the church to communicate with the general population and keep them loyal. Canadien Society in the Aftermath of the Conquest  London had instructed to ensure the Canadiens be converted to the Protestant religion.  Officials quickly realized due the number of Protestants vs Roman Catholics in the province, they had to chance to convert them. The Seigneurs  After the Conquest, the seigneurs lost their privileges with the state and military commissions.  They either left for France or purchased abandoned seigneurs to increase their meager income.  In 1
More Less

Related notes for WDW101Y1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.