Chapter 13 2012-12-17 7:40 AM
• Why were unions originally formed?
• List 3 reasons why union membership has been declining.
• Describe the structure of unions. Why would a union local affiliate itself with the CLC?
• How do labour relations boards regulate labour-management relations?
• In the collective bargaining process, what happens after certification?
• What ist he differnce between conciliation, mediation and arbitration?
• Why do the objectives of unions change over tiem?
• What are the major tactics used b y unions and by management to assert their power in
• When is back-to-work legislation used?
• How does top-executive pay in Canada compare with top -executive pay in other countries?
• What are some of the issues related to child care and elder care, and how are companies
addressing those issues?
Learning Objective #1: Trace the history of organized labour in Canada.
• Organized labour in Canada dates back to the 1800s. Early unions on the wharves of
Halifax, St. John’s, and Quebec existed during the War of 1812 to profit from labour
scarcity. Craft unions replresented shoemakers and printers. Many of the early labour
organizations were local or regional in nature.
• Describe some of the main objectives of labour and whether they were achieved.
o Unions hoped to improve worker’s poor conditions and wages by forming unions
that would fight for workers’ rights. This has largely been achieved, and many
early demands are now entrenched in law.
• Describe some of the unions in existence today.
o The Canadian Union of Public Employees (CUPE) and the Canadian Auto Workers
(CAW) are 2 of the largest unions in Canada. They represent workers from
different sectors in the economy. Many unions in Canada are national in nature.
Many also belong to interna tional organizations. The Canadian Labour Congress,
which represents over 3 million unionized workers, is the national voice of the
labour movement in Canada.
Learning Objective #2: Discuss the major legislation affecting trade unions.
• Much labour legislation ahs been passed by federal and provincial governments.
• What is the major piece of labour legistlation?
o The Canada Labour Code outlines labour legistlation as it applies to federal
egovnerment employees, who represent approximately 10% of all workersin
Canada. Each provincial jurisdiction in Canada has its own labour legislation and
employment standards that aply to workers within its borders.
Learning Objective #3: Understand the collective b