Ch. 1-5 Notes for 01-150

3 Pages

General Arts and Social Sciences
Course Code
Christine Knapp

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Chapters 1-5 Chapter 1 Parts of Speech 1. Noun  person, place, thing • As subject – who or what does the action • As object – who or what receives the action • Ex. The toad sat in the wicker basket. 2. Pronoun  takes the place of a noun • As subject – who or what does the action • As object – who or what receives the action • Ex. She called him for advice. 3. Verb  shows action by describing what the subject does, or links the subject to the rest of the sentence • As action (ex. her brother washed the car.) • As link (ex. Amil is tired after work.) 4. Adjective  describer or modifier of a noun • Adds detail (ex. The red wool cap belongs to Ramon.) 5. Adverb  describes or modifies verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs • Adds colour or detail to verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs • Ex. the street worker tries hard to help the homeless. • Ex. several of the dogs were happily chasing the frightened skunk. 6. Preposition  describes or modifies nouns, adjectives, or adverbs in a sentence • Works like an adjective or adverb; adds colour of detail in the sentence • Ex. Madeleine will take the volleyball team to the beach after school. 7. Conjunction  a word that joins • Joins two or more ideas together; establishes a relationship between ideas • Ex. The rally was cancelled because it was storming. 8. Interjection  word of expression • Used to express emotions • Ex. Oh, I forgot to tell you something. Chapter 2 • Statement (Ana is a chemist.) • Question (Is Ana a chemist?) • Negative (Not only is Ana a chemist, but she is also a musician.) Chapter 3 • Four types of sentences 1. Statement  express facts or opinions; end in periods. (ex. I am cool.) 2. Questions  (also known as interrogative sentences) ask for information; end in questions marks (ex. what is wrong with you?) 3. Commands  (known as imperatives) give order; end in periods (ex. pass my coffee.) 4. Exclamations  express surprise or emotion; end in exclamation points (ex. OMG!) • Facts vs. opinions Chapter 4 • Pattern 1 sentence: a word group that completes an idea or though; consists of a subject (what the senten
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