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Psychology 46-333 motivation notes

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Department
Psychology
Course
46-333
Professor
Brown
Semester
Summer

Description
MotivationandEmotionDrives motivationaspecificneeddesireorwantthatpromptsgoaldirectedbehavior drivesgoaldirectedtendenciesbasedonachangeinanorganismsbiologicalstate forexampleyouaredeprivedofnutritionandyouwillbecomehungryHungerthenisaprimarydrive primarydrivesunlearnedinnatedrives secondarydriveslearnedandacquiredthroughexperience researchhasbeenconductedtodeterminewhatareourmostimportantprimarydrives ratswereplacedinaboxandgivenaccesstoasecondboxviaanelectrifiedgrid resultsfromthisstudyindicatethatthefollowingaretotopfivemotivatorsorthetopfivethingsthatwouldcauseratstogofromboxAtoboxB1 2 3 4 5 Instincts drivesaredifferentfrominstinctsinthatinstinctsareunchangingsequencesofbehaviorthatarespeciesspecific forexamplesalmonswimuprivertospawnabehaviornotseeninotherspeciesBiologicalBases theseptumistheprimarypleasurecenterinthebrain mildstimulationinducespleasureandsexualarousal italsoactstoinhibitaggression iftheseptalareaisdamagedaggressivebehavioroccursthisiscalledseptalrage drivereductiontheorybiologicalneedsmotiveourbehavior homeostasisastateofbalanceinthebodybeingoutofhomeostasiscreatesaneednecessitatingadrive thearousaltheorystatesthatthereisanoptimallevelofarousalforagiventask lowlevelsofarousalareneededforhardtasksthatrequireconcentrationandfocus moderatelevelsareneededformoderatelydifficulttasks highlevelsareneededfortasksthatrequireenduranceandpersistence theopponentprocesstheoryofmotivationstatesthatforeachmotivatingdrivethereisalsoadisincentivetothatdrive onceanindividualissatiatedforaparticulardrivethereisanoppositeoropponentdrivetoavoidfulfillingthatdriveegonceyouveeatenyouarenolongerhungryandstopsearchingforfood inaddictivebehaviorsoncetheaddictivebehaviorisperformedandlessensinintensitythereisareboundeffectwheretheopponentdriveremainsactive moreandmoreoftheaddictivesubstanceisthenneededtoachievethedesiredresulttherebyleadingtoaddiction
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