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Chapter

Psychology 46-339 Motivation notes

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Department
Psychology
Course
46-339
Professor
Blais
Semester
Winter

Description
Unit5NotesMotivationandEmotionDrives motivationaspecificneeddesireorwantthatpromptsgoaldirectedbehavior drivesgoaldirectedtendenciesbasedonachangeinanorganismsbiologicalstate forexampleyouaredeprivedofnutritionandyouwillbecomehungryHungerthenisaprimarydrive primarydrivesunlearnedinnatedrives secondarydriveslearnedandacquiredthroughexperience researchhasbeenconductedtodeterminewhatareourmostimportantprimarydrives ratswereplacedinaboxandgivenaccesstoasecondboxviaanelectrifiedgrid resultsfromthisstudyindicatethatthefollowingaretotopfivemotivatorsorthetopfivethingsthatwouldcauseratstogofromboxAtoboxB1 2 3 4 5 Instincts drivesaredifferentfrominstinctsinthatinstinctsareunchangingsequencesofbehaviorthatarespeciesspecific forexamplesalmonswimuprivertospawnabehaviornotseeninotherspeciesBiologicalBases theseptumistheprimarypleasurecenterinthebrain mildstimulationinducespleasureandsexualarousal italsoactstoinhibitaggression iftheseptalareaisdamagedaggressivebehavioroccursthisiscalledseptalrage thearousaltheorystatesthatthereisanoptimallevelofarousalforagiventask lowlevelsofarousalareneededforhardtasksthatrequireconcentrationandfocus moderatelevelsareneededformoderatelydifficulttasks highlevelsareneededfortasksthatrequireenduranceandpersistence theopponentprocesstheoryofmotivationstatesthatforeachmotivatingdrivethereisalsoadisincentivetothatdrive onceanindividualissatiatedforaparticulardrivethereisanoppositeoropponentdrivetoavoidfulfillingthatdriveegonceyouveeatenyouarenolongerhungryandstopsearchingforfood inaddictivebehaviorsoncetheaddictivebehaviorisperformedandlessensinintensitythereisareboundeffectwheretheopponentdriveremainsactive moreandmoreoftheaddictivesubstanceisthenneededtoachievethedesiredresulttherebyleadingtoaddiction themaindrivesarehungerthirstandsextheseareallconnectedtothefunctioningofthehypothalamus thehypothalamusregulatestemperaturemetabolismandwaterbalance italsohasaroleinarousalaggressivebehaviorandsexualbehavior
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