46-355 Chapter Notes -Abnormal Psychology, Biogenic Substance, Social Forces

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Published on 19 Apr 2013
School
University of Windsor
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 3550
Professor
CHAPTER 1
Abnormal (p4) – Behavior defined by Norm Violation, Statistical Rarity, Personal
Discomfort, and Maladaptive Behavior.
Norm Violation (p4) – Going against a set of ‘norms’ that society has set.
Disadvantage – It enthrones conformity as the ideal pattern of behavior and thereby stigmatizes
the nonconformist.
Statistical Rarity (p5) – Abnormality is any substantial deviation from a statistically
calculated average. One has only to measure the person’s performance against the average
performance…if it falls outside of the average range, it is abnormal.
Disadvantage – this approach has no values. It lacks any system for differentiating between
desirable and undesirable
behaviors.
Personal Discomfort (p6) – If a person is distressed over their thoughts or behaviors,
then they may require treatment. It makes people judges of their own normality, rather than
subjecting them to the judgment of the society or the diagnostician.
Disadvantage – it gives us no standard for evaluating the behavior itself.
Maladaptive Behavior (p6) – Here the question is whether the person, given that
behavior pattern, is able to meet the demands of his or her life. ex: hold down a job, deal with
friends and family, pay the bills on time, etc. If not, the pattern is abnormal.
Disadvantage – n/a.
Deviation from an Ideal (p6) – Behavior deviating from the ‘ideal’
Disadvantage – A person who falls short of an ideal does not necessarily merit the label
‘abnormal’. Psychological theories are as relative to time and place as social norms, and they
change even more quickly..
Medical Model (p9) – (disease model) Abnormal behavior is comparable to disease:
each kind of abnormal behavior, like each disease, has specific causes and a specific set of
symptoms. It also implies that abnormal behavior is biogenic – resulting from some malfunction
within the body.
Psychological Perspectives (p9) -
Psychodynamic Perspective –AB issues from unconscious psychological conflicts originating
from childhood.
Behavioral Perspective – primary cause of AB is inappropriate learning, whereby maladaptive
behaviors are
rewarded, and adaptive behaviors are not rewarded.
Cognitive Perspective – AB is an outgrowth of maladaptive ways of perceiving and thinking
about oneself
Humanistic-Existential Perspective – AB results from a failure to accept oneself, to take
responsibility for one’s
actions, and to pursue personal goals.
Interpersonal Perspective – AB as the product of disordered relationships.
Sociocultural Perspective – AB as the product of broad social forces. Also examines the biases
that can influence
diagnosis.
Biological Perspective – AB in terms of its biological components.
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Document Summary

Abnormal (p4) behavior defined by norm violation, statistical rarity, personal. Norm violation (p4) going against a set of norms" that society has set. Disadvantage it enthrones conformity as the ideal pattern of behavior and thereby stigmatizes the nonconformist. Statistical rarity (p5) abnormality is any substantial deviation from a statistically calculated average. One has only to measure the person"s performance against the average performance if it falls outside of the average range, it is abnormal. It lacks any system for differentiating between desirable and undesirable behaviors. Personal discomfort (p6) if a person is distressed over their thoughts or behaviors, then they may require treatment. It makes people judges of their own normality, rather than subjecting them to the judgment of the society or the diagnostician. Disadvantage it gives us no standard for evaluating the behavior itself. Deviation from an ideal (p6) behavior deviating from the ideal". Disadvantage a person who falls short of an ideal does not necessarily merit the label.

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