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Chapter 1

Anthropology 2234F/G Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: International Psychoanalytical Association, Eugen Bleuler, Sigmund Freud

Course Code
ANTH 2234F/G
Glenn Dolphin

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Carl Jung was a Psychologist from Switzerland, born on, July 26, 1875, in
Kesswil. He moved to Basel with his family at the age of four. His childhood was very
lonely and he liked being isolated and was happiest when he was alone. His lonely
childhood made him want to observe people's behaviors and understand them.
Jung was very interested in biology, paleontology, philosophy, and the history of
religion. As he grew older, his interest in all those choices made it very difficult to
choose a career to pursue. In the end, he decided on medicine, and studied at the
University of Basel from 1895 to 1900. He received his medical degree from the
University of Zurich in 1902, and later on studied psychology in Paris.
After he graduated, he worked at the Burghoeltzli Mental Hospital in Zurich, and
also taught classes at the University of Zurich. He published Studies in Word
Association, and sent a framed copy of it to Sigmund Freud. That was when their
relationship began. The first conversation between Carl Jung and Sigmund Freud is
reported to have lasted for over 13 hours. Freud became a father figure to Jung, as if
their relationship were its own psychological case study.
In 1900 he began his professional career at the psychiatric clinic of the University
of Zurich. He worked as an assistant to Eugen Bleuler. He later worked out the
association method with a few associates which was a method of "testing used to
reveal affectively significant groups of ideas in the unconscious area of psyche" (the
mind). As Jung said, those groups would have control over a person's mind and make
them have anxieties and inappropriate emotions. Carl Jung also discovered and
developed the concepts of the extroverted and introverted personality. Jung had felt as
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if he had both an introvert and extrovert personality which caused his study in the two
Some of Jung’s major contributions to psychology and his greatest theories were
some basic ideas and things we use today. Jung created the introverted and extraverted
terms that were explaining types of personalities. Some of his other contributions to
psychology and the theories he developed were The Collective Unconscious,
Archetypes, Dream Interpretation, Alchemy, and Synchronicity.
Carl Jung is an important figure in psychology. He worked with Freud founding
psychoanalysis, and then he founded his own school of psychology. He made
contributions to all four of the major areas of psychology and he is considered to be one
of the most complete psychologists there has ever been. For example: in behavioural
psychology, the research he had done on word association was important to developing
the lie-detector test, and he was awarded the "award of an honorary degree" by Clark
University, USA, in 1909. In psychodynamic psychology, he was elected
the first president of the International Psychoanalytic Association; and created his own
school of Analytical Psychology, and he did much more research than Freud in the
psychodynamic theory. In humanistic psychology, he worked on the active imagination
and human consciousness, and in transpersonal psychology, Carl Jung was a pioneer
of this field for about fifty years before it was even recognized as a new area of
psychology. Some of the most important work of psychologists today are dependent on
Jung's theoretical ideas.
Carl Jung's work made a big impact on psychology. His concepts of introversion
and extraversion have made a big impact on psychotherapy and the advice her gave to
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