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Chapter 2

Anthropology 2272F/G Chapter 2: Week 3: Native Tours Chapter 2


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTH 2272F/G
Professor
Sherry Larkin
Chapter
2

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Week 3
Native Tours Chapter 2: Tourism, Society, and the Political Economy
Tourism is mediated by representatives of an industry that is among the largest in the
worldranging from government officials, tourism planners, advertising and marketing
agencies
For those who serve as its mediators, tourism is a resource that conveys benefits to the
businesses and communities that facilitate its practice. The most obvious benefit is
wealth
Touris’s produts are destiatios
o Destinations need to have a special character to differentiate themselves from
competing destinations
Its business involves bringing into close contact people of widely different means, class,
ethnicity, and religious and cultural backgrounds
Tourism and Economic Development
One of the problems associated with tourism development is whether it makes good
economic sense
One important economic criterion associated with tourism development has to do with
the repatriation of profits (leakage): the amount of economic gain from an activity that
is likely to leave the region or country where the goods are produced
“oures of leakage ilude the eploet of foreigers i a outr’s touris idustr
and the necessity of importing goods to satisfy tourist demands
Tourism development can also be evaluated in relation to its opportunity costs: the
costs that are associated with participation in an industry in respect to other kinds of
opportunities that are foregone as a result
Since governments have limited amounts of time and money, investment in tourism can
detract from opportunities to invest in other areas
Touris is ulerale to shifts i dead. Trael patters ad tourists’ iterests hage
over time
o Tourism demand is subject to seasonal fluctuation
The Distribution of Economic Costs and Benefits
The iforal eoo is that part of a outr’s or regio’s eooi deelopet that
is generally not supported by local authorities
The more developed countries seem much less tolerant in this regard than do many of
the less developed countries
o In the United States, strict control of business licensing, health and safety codes,
and loitering laws have ensured that few informal sector activities develop in the
vicinity of major tourist facilities
Tourism as Work
Tourism provides employment opportunities in the service sector of the economy
Where employment and wages are high, low-end tourism employment opportunities
provide little benefit to the local population and usually require the importation of
labour from other countries
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