Anthropology 1020E Chapter Notes -Cognitive Archaeology, Mary Leakey, Archaeogenetics

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>the ecological approach one of most influential new thinks in north am julian steward: interested in explaining cultural change like childe; highlighted that cultures interact with environments as well = cultural ecology: grahame clark developed ecological approach: broke away from artifact dominated or culture historical approaches and instead argued that by studying how human populations a pated to their environments we can understand many aspects of ancient society; collaboration with new specialists essential (identity animal/plant remains) Immediately after ww2 rapid development of scientific aids for arc: new importance on the application to archaeology of the physical and chemical sciences, greatest breakthrough: dating 1949 radiocarbon evented by willard libby (usa) > ten years later when really broke through, artifact studies could contribute to understanding early trade, over past decade: new developments in biochemistry and molecular genetics led to emergence of new disciplines of molecular archaeology and archaeogenetics.

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