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Chapter 4

Anthropology Chapter 4 Morphology.docx

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Anthropology 1027A/B
Claire Gurski

Anthropology Morphology October 19, 2011 Morphology  What is Morphology? o The study of form or shape o Internal structure of words o How meaningful pieces of language combine and recombine to form words o Morpheme – the smallest linguistic unit that can carry meaning (plurals  plural and s) o Lexicon – the mental dictionary  Organization in the Lexicon o Lexical Categories: noun, verb, adjective, adverb, pronoun, determiner, preposition, conjunction  Noun: refers to a person, place or thing  Verb: indicates occurrence or performance of an action, or the existence of a state or condition  Adjective: describes a noun or pronoun  Adverb: modifies a verb, another adverb, or an adjective (example: very, slowly, etc.)  Pronoun: replaces a noun when that noun has already been mentioned  Determiner: also called ‘articles’, modify a noun (the their)  Conjunction: connects/coordinates words, phrases, or sentences  Preposition: indicates relationship of one word to another o Regular patterns for creating new words  Brass > brassy  Chalk > chalky  Need > needy
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