Alkyl Halide: compound containing a halogen atom covalently bonded to
an sp hybridized C atom, given symbol RX
How Are Haloalkanes Named?
Haloalkanes are named alkyl halides, where the name is derived by
naming alkyl group followed by name of the halide as a separate word
Haloforms: compounds of the type CHX 3
What Are The Characteristic Reactions Of Haloalkanes?
Nucleophile: atom / group that donates pair of electrons to another atom /
group to form a new covalent bond
Nucleophilic Substitution: reaction in which one nucleophile is substituted
o Halide ions are among best and most important leaving groups
β-Elimination: removal of atoms / groups from 2 adjacent C atoms
Substitution reactions always result in the replacement of atom / group in
a reactant with another atom / group
β-Elimination reactions always result in removal of a H and an atom /
group on adjacent C atoms and in the formation of a C-C double bond
What Are The Products Of Nucleophilic Aliphatic Substitution Reactions?
If the nucleophile is negatively charged, then the atom donating the pair of
electrons in the substitution reaction becomes neutral in the product
If the nucleophile is uncharged, then the atom donating the pair of
electrons in the substitution reaction becomes positively charged in the
product (often undergo second step involving proton