Introduction to Rome
- some roman achievements will seem like common sense to us, but they are actually great
breakthroughs. The Greek civilizations seemed unique to us.
Rome c. 509-338 B.C.
- around 509 is the founding of their free city, Rome is a tiny little dot. By 338 they have a good
little chunk of central Italy.
Rome c. 338-290 B.C.
- all of central Italy
Rome c. 290-241 B.C.
- add islands, come into contact with greeks
Rome c. 241-190 B.C.
- adds spain
Rome c. 1 B.C.
- fucking massing empire
- owned the sea.. have allies
753-509 BC: Regal Period
- Rome is ruled by kings
509-31 BC: Republic
- Public possession of Rome, all people own the empire
31 BC-AD 476: Empire/Imperial
- Was an emperor who ran Rome
• Natural Resources
- great place to start a civilization, mountains with timber. Low lands to grow grain. Volcanic
mountains. Able to raise a greater population.
- volcanic range gives the romans the great land. Wind blows clock wise in the sea, so the
greeks couldn’t really travel to Italy. Italy actually is somewhat isolated in this time period.
• Eastern vs. Western Italy
- western Italy gets a lot of the rain, which means the land is better.
Greeks and Phoenicians (c. 800)
- Phoenicians dominated the trade in Italy, the lived in the east. The Etruscans: 700-480
• League of 12 Regions
- were not an empire
• Etruria and Rome
- Rome was actually a city in there association
- closest powerful neighbour to the romans, the romans absorbed them. The Etruscans were
viewed as barbaric’s imitating the Greeks.. the romans culture was massively influenced by the
Etruscans. Were literate when the Romans were not.
- cutting open a bull and interpreting the future by the discolouration of the liver
Orientalizing Period (7th-6th C.)
- evident that the Etruscans were coping the Greek architecture, means coping to the east.
- Etruscans would give raw materials to the Phoenicians in exchange for Greek art
Etruscan tombs: Tarquinia
- shows art like a symposium, disputed that they knew what they were buying and using… doing
it for looks and not just understanding.
- Majority of Greek pots were not found in Greece, they are often owned by non-greeks. Mostly
found in Italy.
- Greeks had a strong representation of the Greek woman. In the Etruscans tombs the woman
were right beside men, same kind of tombs. Woman visually and most likely culturally were a lot
- cremated there dead, these are not the Etruscans. Right below the Etruscans
- small huts with interlaced timber, walls made of mud.. no paved roads or anything. Early Rome
• (c. 1000-720)
• Rome , c. 900
Founding myth of Rome
Numitor is put in jail by Amulius. Amulius then kills all his nephews, the niece of the new king
has a baby(God of slaughter)… Puts the baby in t