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Classical Studies 2301A/B Chapter Notes -Pistoia, Fiesole, Roman Senate

Classical Studies
Course Code
CS 2301A/B
Randall Pogorzelski

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63 BC
Manlius collects troops at Faesulae in Etruria. Minor disturbances in other parts of Italy.
Anonymous letter, most likely written by Catiline or one of his conspirators, made its way to Crassus
and members of Senate.
oThis letter contained warning to the recipients to leave the city, threatening death and
destruction to the whole city
oMentioned the date of October 27th, which was to be the day the attacker's forces would
strike the city
When October 27th passes and nothing has happened, the Roman people became suspicious of
Cicero thinking that this may have been a plot on his part to rally support and power from people, to
strengthen his political power
Meanwhile, Manlius raises in open revolt at Faesulae
Senate learns of uprising at Faesulae. Military commanders are sent to threatened areas. Rewards
offered for betrayal of conspiracy.
L. Aemilius Paulus charges Catiline under lex Plautia de vi.
A meeting of the conspirators was called in the evening at the house of M. Porcius Laeca. It was
decided that Catiline would leave Rome and head for Etruria in order to prepare to march on Rome
with his army. Catiline and his men also decided how to split up Italy, choosing certain sections to be
attacked by specific men. The conspirators would also try to enlist the help of the gladiators at
Capua. The final plan of action was to have two men greet Cicero the following morning and
assassinate him, which also failed.
Cicero avoids assassination attempt made by conspirators, and he has been informed of the attempt
by Fulvia (the mistress of Catiline’s supporters).
Senate then meets at temple of Jupiter Stator. Cicero delivers First Catilinarian, urging Catiline to
leave Rome.
Catiline showed up and sat in the senate that day as if nothing was wrong, but he ended up sitting
alone. He gave a speech in response to Cicero, calling for the senators to look at his ancestry, which
was extremely ancient and powerful, and to look as well at the lack of proof that Cicero had.
However, the Senate, angry at his actions, shouted him down.
Catiline fled Rome. Some of his fellow conspirators stayed in Rome, while others, such as Tongilius,
Publicius, and Minucius, traveled with him to Etruria. Along the way he stopped in Forum Aurelium,
and then in Arctium, and gave out weapons to the people.
Cicero later delivers his Second Catilinarian justifying his actions before the people
oTalks about how great a victory it was to have Catiline out of Rome and assures public that
everything is under control
Senate declares Catiline and Manlius hostes (public enemies)
oConsuls assigned to levy army, Antonius directed to crush rebellion
Disturbances in Gaul, Picenum, Bruttium and Apulia ended. Toward the end of November a few of
Catiline's lieutenants started some small uprisings on the countryside, but they were captured, tried,
and imprisoned. Only Catiline's army in Eturia was large enough to march on Rome, but only one
quarter of it was armed. He had to wait.
At this time, the conspirators also asked for the help of the Allbroges, a tribe from Gaul
oThey agreed to help by creating a diversion in Gaul, but secretly decided that it would be
more beneficial to act as spies for the government
After the Gauls accepted the offer to aid the conspirators, they contacted the patron of their tribe in
Rome, Quintus Fabius Sanga, who notified Cicero immediately. Cicero instructed the Gauls to
continue playing along with the conspirators, but to ask for written information on the plot.
oA messenger was sent to meet with Catiline leaving the city on December 2, and two letters
were sent from Lentulus
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