Classical Studies 2800A/B Chapter Notes -Idiosyncrasy, Musaeum

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In the original Indo-European language, there was what was called "roots" -
combinations of sounds which later became the stems of words in some of the IE
One root has the sounds g and n which turned into gen- meaning "coming into
Genealogy - an account of one's ancestry
Genesis - the name given to the first book of the Old Testament. The Greek
translation of these scriptures is called Sepuagint. The Greek word genesis is
from gene-, the stem of genos, geneos, "birth, origin" and the suffix sis.
Ancient Athens is where democracy first became a reality.
Everyone was expected to take part, and those who didn't were considered
strange and called idiotes "a private person".
It came to mean someone who is ill-informed about private affairs and thus,
ignorant or an idiot.
Idiosyncrasy or idiosyncratic means "any peculiar or unusual characteristic of
someone" is from idios "one's own, private". Comes from the prefix syn- and the
stem cras- meaning "mixture"
Idiopathic - abnormal or diseased condition that arose from within the body and
did not come from some external source
Another of these roots had the sounds of m and n which became men- or man-
which have the meaning of having to do with thought processes
One descendent of this IE root is mind
A Mouseion in Ancient Greece was any temple devoted to the Muses and
eventually it became the name of educational institutions. In Latin, it was spelled
Words using the stem oxy- have the meaning "sharp, pointed" as in oxyrhine
"having a pointed nose", or oxyacusis "having an unusual acuteness of hearing"
or oxyesthesia "having abnormal acuteness of sensation"
Oxymoron - a phrase containing contradictory meanings
Oxygen - acid producing, because when it was isolated it was thought to be the
essential substance in the formation of acids.
In many English words, the stem ox- means "oxygen" such as in hypoxia, anoxia
and hypoxemia (deficient oxygenation of blood)
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