Lesson 14 Textbook Notes

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Classical Studies
Classical Studies 2800A/B
David Lamari

Notes • Hippocrates is called the "Father of Medicine" and is the reason there is a lot of Greek influence over the terminology of medical sciences Inflammation • Suffix "-itis" means the part of the body that is inflamed and the plural form is "- itides". We can speak of the plural form of arthritis as arthritides. • Inflammation can be defined by the four "or" words in Latin - calor (head), rubor (redness), tumour (swelling), and dolor (pain) • Suffix "-osis" indicated an abnormal condition of the body or of a part but without inflammation. • The suffix "-iasis" usually indicates the presence of something in the body as in "lithiasis" (the presence of calculi (stone) in the body. Carcinoma • Was known to Hippocrates and to him it meant an ulcer or sore named from the fact that such an affliction usually spread out like the claws of a crab. • The word "cancer" is from Latin "cancer" meaning crab which was known to the Roman physician Celsus who used this name to indicate any ulcer in the body. Suffix -oma and -omatos • Used to indicate any tumour, an abnormal swelling of a part whether it is malignant or benign. • Melanoma (from Greek melas meaning dark, black) means any dark spot such as a mole on the skin • Lipoma - benign tumor composed of fatty tissue or fat • -oma indicated one of two things about the tumour; it indicates the material of which the tumour i
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