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Classical Studies 2800A/B Chapter Notes -Lipoma, Melanoma, Carcinoma

Classical Studies
Course Code
CS 2800A/B
David Lamari

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Hippocrates is called the "Father of Medicine" and is the reason there is a lot of
Greek influence over the terminology of medical sciences
Suffix "-itis" means the part of the body that is inflamed and the plural form is "-
itides". We can speak of the plural form of arthritis as arthritides.
Inflammation can be defined by the four "or" words in Latin - calor (head), rubor
(redness), tumour (swelling), and dolor (pain)
Suffix "-osis" indicated an abnormal condition of the body or of a part but without
The suffix "-iasis" usually indicates the presence of something in the body as in
"lithiasis" (the presence of calculi (stone) in the body.
Was known to Hippocrates and to him it meant an ulcer or sore named from the
fact that such an affliction usually spread out like the claws of a crab.
The word "cancer" is from Latin "cancer" meaning crab which was known to the
Roman physician Celsus who used this name to indicate any ulcer in the body.
Suffix -oma and -omatos
Used to indicate any tumour, an abnormal swelling of a part whether it is
malignant or benign.
Melanoma (from Greek melas meaning dark, black) means any dark spot such
as a mole on the skin
Lipoma - benign tumor composed of fatty tissue or fat
-oma indicated one of two things about the tumour; it indicates the material of
which the tumour is comprised or it indicates the location of the tumour as in
nephorma (located in the kidney).
Hematoma is a swelling caused by the accumulation of blood in part as a result
of a broken blood vessel.
Suffix -ium
Greek suffix -ion assumes the Latin spelling -ium in many words.
In medical terminology, this suffix usually means a membrane or tissue
It can also mean a region of the body
Sir Humphrey Davey (British scientist) used this suffix to give a name to various
new elements as they were discovered.
ex. sodium
ex. potassium
ex. magnesium
ex. pericardium - layer surrounding the heart
ex. perinephrium - layer surrounding the kidney
ex. epigastrium - region over the pit of the stomach
The combining form -pathy means no more than feelings in English words; as in
sympathy, empathy
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