• Hippocrates is called the "Father of Medicine" and is the reason there is a lot of
Greek influence over the terminology of medical sciences
• Suffix "-itis" means the part of the body that is inflamed and the plural form is "-
itides". We can speak of the plural form of arthritis as arthritides.
• Inflammation can be defined by the four "or" words in Latin - calor (head), rubor
(redness), tumour (swelling), and dolor (pain)
• Suffix "-osis" indicated an abnormal condition of the body or of a part but without
• The suffix "-iasis" usually indicates the presence of something in the body as in
"lithiasis" (the presence of calculi (stone) in the body.
• Was known to Hippocrates and to him it meant an ulcer or sore named from the
fact that such an affliction usually spread out like the claws of a crab.
• The word "cancer" is from Latin "cancer" meaning crab which was known to the
Roman physician Celsus who used this name to indicate any ulcer in the body.
Suffix -oma and -omatos
• Used to indicate any tumour, an abnormal swelling of a part whether it is
malignant or benign.
• Melanoma (from Greek melas meaning dark, black) means any dark spot such
as a mole on the skin
• Lipoma - benign tumor composed of fatty tissue or fat
• -oma indicated one of two things about the tumour; it indicates the material of
which the tumour i