Classical Studies 2800A/B Chapter Notes -Lipoma, Melanoma, Carcinoma
This preview shows half of the first page. to view the full 2 pages of the document.
• Hippocrates is called the "Father of Medicine" and is the reason there is a lot of
Greek influence over the terminology of medical sciences
• Suffix "-itis" means the part of the body that is inflamed and the plural form is "-
itides". We can speak of the plural form of arthritis as arthritides.
• Inflammation can be defined by the four "or" words in Latin - calor (head), rubor
(redness), tumour (swelling), and dolor (pain)
• Suffix "-osis" indicated an abnormal condition of the body or of a part but without
• The suffix "-iasis" usually indicates the presence of something in the body as in
"lithiasis" (the presence of calculi (stone) in the body.
• Was known to Hippocrates and to him it meant an ulcer or sore named from the
fact that such an affliction usually spread out like the claws of a crab.
• The word "cancer" is from Latin "cancer" meaning crab which was known to the
Roman physician Celsus who used this name to indicate any ulcer in the body.
Suffix -oma and -omatos
• Used to indicate any tumour, an abnormal swelling of a part whether it is
malignant or benign.
• Melanoma (from Greek melas meaning dark, black) means any dark spot such
as a mole on the skin
• Lipoma - benign tumor composed of fatty tissue or fat
• -oma indicated one of two things about the tumour; it indicates the material of
which the tumour is comprised or it indicates the location of the tumour as in
nephorma (located in the kidney).
• Hematoma is a swelling caused by the accumulation of blood in part as a result
of a broken blood vessel.
• Greek suffix -ion assumes the Latin spelling -ium in many words.
• In medical terminology, this suffix usually means a membrane or tissue
• It can also mean a region of the body
• Sir Humphrey Davey (British scientist) used this suffix to give a name to various
new elements as they were discovered.
◦ex. pericardium - layer surrounding the heart
◦ex. perinephrium - layer surrounding the kidney
◦ex. epigastrium - region over the pit of the stomach
• The combining form -pathy means no more than feelings in English words; as in
You're Reading a Preview
Unlock to view full version