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Classical Studies 3400E Chapter Notes -Protogeometric Style, Geometric Art, Lekythos

Classical Studies
Course Code
CS 3400E
Cody Barteet

of 10
Overview of course content September 9th, 2013
Archaeological context helps us determine:
o Where an object was originally used
o Helps uncover the object’s bigger picture
o Context plays into archaeological provenance
o Once you know more about the an object and where it comes from, it
helps you construct a better idea about it
o Time and place are important in understanding Greek art
Some Major focuses
o Polis = city state
Athens was the urban center of Attica
Private & public sphere (focus is public sphere)
Acropolis of Athens was known for great architectural and historical
significance, and was primarily dedicated to patron goddess Athena
Acropolis was a large sanctuary/temple buildings that would sit in
the center and used for cult practice (Athena)
Sanctuary wall is called a ‘Temenos’
Patron goddess Athena was associated with Acropolis
A ‘vodive’ was a sacred offering (social function) which would occur
in a temple/sanctuary (place)
Burial display was common with citizens, it showed the different
social classes of the Greeks
A wealthy cemetery was called ‘kerameikos’
Wealth is shown by objects placed in tomb and can tell us about
social class, beliefs, values, etc.
Burial was like a public show, citizen’s were being watched in
regards to what objects were being placed in tombs and what was
being offered
o Agora = Greek marketplace
6th century BCE center of commerce, heart of political power, where
merchants would set up
gathering place for Greek citizens
o How do we date Greek objects?
The most common archaeology finds are broken pots ‘pottery
sherds’ which contain lots of information on them
September 16th, 2013
The Dark Ages (1050-900 BCE)
o certain style of pottery that marks
o important historical stylistic term called ‘Protogeometric pottery style’
first style that described the pattern being painted on fine pottery
o 10th century BCE (before common era)
1000 BCE-901 BCE
o Geometric period
Basic pottery style
900-700 BCE
Pottery Shapes (Burial Context)
o pots used in burial practice would’ve been placed in tomb after (dual
o standard burial practice before Dark Ages was called inhumation
o stopped inhuming their dead except for children and instead burned
o standard Dark Ages practice was cremation
o funerary pyre
body placed on pyre
body would be lit
remnants would be put in a special burial storage jar called an
o cist grave was a term used for a shallow grave
amphora jar was placed in shallow grave
in Dark Ages, only a single burial per grave, no family graves
o neck handled amphora (Protogeometric)
handles up on shoulder (neck) neck handled amphora was used for
male cremation burials
o belly handled amphora (Protogeometric)
handles on belly and was used for female cremation
o amphorae
oinochoe/ai specialized pouring vessels found in tombs used for
pouring wine