1: the female body in greek literature. Today we are going to examine some of the ideas that the greeks held about the female body: beauty ideals, body ideals, and medical notions. For some women the answer to old age was to try to mask its symptoms, since old age began for a woman after her skin lost its youthful tone and her body its firmness. Cosmetics like red rouge and white lead were employed (helping the ravages along), and other beauty implements like hair dye, wigs, and curling irons were used. The medical texts of greece and rome span 450 bce - They are male-authored, but gynecological treatises are aimed at a (partly?) female audience as well as (possibly) female physicians and midwives. Generally speaking, it was thought that women were passive beings, and because they could be continually [sexually] receptive it was thought they had no control over any of their appetites (sexual, gastronomic).