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Western University
Classical Studies
Classical Studies 3400E
Chris Piper

1 • The MM II 1900-1700 BCE acrobat (11" GR 214-55) displays Minoan mastery of ivory, form, and movement— usually described as a bull-leaper, but could he be a diver? Note elongated body. • Figures at Olympia: (800-700 BCE). These may represent Zeus; note the raised arms and prominent genitals. • Early Greek painting: arms and torso are an isosceles triangle, or sometimes all that can be seen is the shield (this geometric vase dates 730 BCE; from the Athenian agora). As mentioned, at first en and women are naked. Later, Greek men are naked while women are clothed. The kouroi (600 -500 BCE) are also naked:— we don't know what the type was called in antiquity. All kouroi (and the type is found even outside Attica) are young, unbearded, and naked (public hair may have been painted on; traces have been found). Kouroi stood in cemeteries as grave markers or in sanctuaries as votive offerings. Several have features worth noting. • The New York kouros (600 BCE, marble, 6') has the odd beaded hairstyle found on so many kouroi and is wearing only a neckband. The large eyes and stiff frontal pose are reminiscent of Daedalic sculpture. Note pose of foot. • Egyptian comparison (granite statue of a prince of Egyptian Thebes, early th 6 C BCE). • The Sunion kouros is another example of a much larger early kouros statue (580 BCE marble 9' 10"). Note huge arms, stiff frontal pose, beaded hair, large eyes, and forbidding expression. • The Anavysos Kouros (named after findspot in Attica, 6' 4 1/2". marble, 530 BCE) is more natural-looking, more rounded and three-dimensional. 2 Note *archaic smile, but also note that even though the sculpture looks more natural, posture and pose and hair are unaltered. • The Aristodikos kouros (500 BCE, marble, 6' 5") is still more natural and supple (note hairstyle change), and anatomy is not quite so patterned. • Kritios boy is a kouros, and straddles the line between Archaic kouoi and more natural sculptures in the 5th C BCE (3' 10" 480 BCE). Note how his weight is on his left leg). The head is turned and the body curves a little. Thick eyelids and composed expression; his hair ("Severe Style"). The kouroi of the 6th C wore their hair in odd beaded plaits. He was a votive offering, found on the Athenian acropolis. So-called because of features similar to the Harmodius and Aristogeiton sculpture. Harmodius (younger man) and Aristogiton (older man) survive as Roman copies in marble (originally bronze: 477-476 BCE; 6’5”). A. lunges forward, holding a cloak; H. holds and daggar aloft. The pair represent a moment in Athenian history: they murdered one of a pair of tyrants in 514 BCE, prompted by a homosexual love triangle (the tyrant Hipparchus was in love with Harmodius) and an insult offered to H.'s sister. The largely personal deed of Hipparchus' murder by the pair was mythologized by the Athenians into "a self-consciously political act of liberation" from tyranny. The statues were the c
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