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Classical Studies 3400E Chapter Notes -Ancient Agora Of Athens, Acropolis Of Athens, Harmodius And Aristogeiton

Classical Studies
Course Code
CS 3400E
Chris Piper

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The MM II 1900-1700 BCE acrobat (11" GR 214-55) displays Minoan mastery
of ivory, form, and movement— usually described as a bull-leaper, but could he
be a diver? Note elongated body.
Figures at Olympia: (800-700 BCE). These may represent Zeus; note the raised
arms and prominent genitals.
Early Greek painting: arms and torso are an isosceles triangle, or sometimes all
that can be seen is the shield (this geometric vase dates 730 BCE; from the
Athenian agora). As mentioned, at first en and women are naked. Later, Greek
men are naked while women are clothed.
The kouroi (600 -500 BCE) are also naked:— we don't know what the type was
called in antiquity. All kouroi (and the type is found even outside Attica) are young,
unbearded, and naked (public hair may have been painted on; traces have been found).
Kouroi stood in cemeteries as grave markers or in sanctuaries as votive offerings. Several
have features worth noting.
The New York kouros (600 BCE, marble, 6') has the odd beaded hairstyle
found on so many kouroi and is wearing only a neckband. The large eyes
and stiff frontal pose are reminiscent of Daedalic sculpture. Note pose of
Egyptian comparison (granite statue of a prince of Egyptian Thebes, early
6th C BCE).
The Sunion kouros is another example of a much larger early kouros
statue (580 BCE marble 9' 10"). Note huge arms, stiff frontal pose, beaded
hair, large eyes, and forbidding expression.
The Anavysos Kouros (named after findspot in Attica, 6' 4 1/2". marble,
530 BCE) is more natural-looking, more rounded and three-dimensional.
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