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Western University
Classical Studies
Classical Studies 3400E
Chris Piper

1 Phallus There was no privatization of erotic images as today. Herms were busts on a pillar with genitals, representations of the god Hermes. They were found at crossroads, in the Agora, in sanctuaries and private doorways. • Herms Phalluses as stylized symbols represent fertility, regeneration, and masculine strength. They were also very likely an apotropaic symbols (like eyes, laughter). • Phallus cups etc • Penises at Delos • Figures at Olympia: (800-700 BCE). These may represent Zeus; note the raised arms and prominent genitals. • Early Greek painting: arms and torso are an isosceles triangle, or sometimes all that can be seen is the shield (this geometric vase dates 730 BCE; from the Athenian agora). At first men and women are naked. Later, Greek men are naked while women are clothed. The kouroi (600 -500 BCE) are also naked:— we don't know what the type was called in antiquity. All kouroi (and the type is found even outside Attica) are young, unbearded (pubic hair may have been painted on; traces have been found). Kouroi stood in cemeteries as grave markers or in sanctuaries as votive offerings. Several have features worth noting. • The New York kouros (600 BCE, marble, 6') has the odd beaded hairstyle found on so many kouroi and is wearing only a neckband. The large eyes and stiff frontal pose are reminiscent of Daedal
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