Phallus There was no privatization of erotic images as today. Herms were busts
on a pillar with genitals, representations of the god Hermes. They were found at
crossroads, in the Agora, in sanctuaries and private doorways.
Phalluses as stylized symbols represent fertility, regeneration, and masculine strength.
They were also very likely an apotropaic symbols (like eyes, laughter).
• Phallus cups etc
• Penises at Delos
• Figures at Olympia: (800-700 BCE). These may represent Zeus; note the raised
arms and prominent genitals.
• Early Greek painting: arms and torso are an isosceles triangle, or sometimes all
that can be seen is the shield (this geometric vase dates 730 BCE; from the
Athenian agora). At first men and women are naked. Later, Greek men are naked
while women are clothed.
The kouroi (600 -500 BCE) are also naked:— we don't know what the type was
called in antiquity. All kouroi (and the type is found even outside Attica) are young,
unbearded (pubic hair may have been painted on; traces have been found). Kouroi stood
in cemeteries as grave markers or in sanctuaries as votive offerings. Several have features
• The New York kouros (600 BCE, marble, 6') has the odd beaded hairstyle
found on so many kouroi and is wearing only a neckband. The large eyes
and stiff frontal pose are reminiscent of Daedal