Q1. What Is the Relationship between Organizational Strategy and IT Planning?
- Given the industry structure, one could develop a competitive strategy for the organization.
- IS that a company chooses to use should support the competitive strategy of the company.
Q2. What Is ITArchitecture
- IT architecture is the basis framework for all the computers, systems and information
management that support organizational services
- EnterpriseArchitect manages the company’s complex IS
- Job of the Enterprise Architect is to create a blueprint of an organization’s IS and
management of these systems
- In developing the architecture, the enterprise architect usually considers organizational
objectives, business processes, databases, info flows, OS, applications and software, and
- Since development of IT architecture is complex, it’s often helpful to use a method that
- Zachman Framework divides systems into two dimensions; one is based on six reasons for
communication (what-data, how-function, where-network, who-people, when-time, why-
motivation) and the other is based on stakeholder groups (Planner, Owner Designer, Builder,
Implementer, and Worker)
- The intersection of the two dimensions helps provide a relatively holistic view of enterprise
Q3. What Is Alignment, Why Is It Important and Why Is It Difficult?
- The process of matching organizational objectives with IT architecture is often referred to as
- Alignment should be viewed as an ongoing process. Fitting IT architecture to business
objectives is challenge that continually evolves
- Alignment depends on business goals, the organizational context and the state of IT
architecture in an organization
- Supporting objectives with appropriate IT investments remains critical part of IT managent.
- Communication between business and IT execs is the most important indicator of alignment
- Shared knowledge and frustration between IT department and biz functions can become a
source of competitive advantage for firms.
>> Firms are better able to align IT investment with objectives
Q4. What Is Information Systems Governance
- Governance is using a committee to decide on expectations for performance, to authorize
appropriate resources and power to meet expectations and perhaps eventually to verify
whether expectations have been met
- Goal of IS governance is to improve benefits of an organization’s IT investment over time
- Reporting structures and review processes can be established and can work to improve
quality, reduce service costs and delivery time, reduce