Chapter 1 - Information Systems and You.docx

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Computer Science
Computer Science 1032A/B
Diane Goldstein

Chapter 1 - Information Systems and You - system: group of components that interact to achieve some purpose - information system (IS): group of components that interact to produce information - 5 component framework: hardware, software, data, procedures, people; present in every IS - software: refers to programs or applications - people are the most critical part of an IS - computer based info system: info system that includes a computer Management Information Systems (MIS) - Development and use of info systems that help businesses achieve goals and objectives - 3 key points: 1. Development and use of info systems 2. Information Systems 3. Achieving Business Goals and Objectives Information Technology (IT): methods, inventions, standards and products - Raw technology - concerns only hardware, software, and data component of info system & how they connect - IT must be embedded into IS – tech within hardware, software and data combined with people and procedure components in order to be useful - Know the diff between IT and IS! (real diff is that IS includes people) Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) Sector - Provides products and services that other industries rely on to get work done - Industry Canada  collects info about sectors - Includes o companies involved in software and computer services o cable and other program distributors o telecomm services o ICT manufacturing o wholesaling - Employment gains occurred in software and comp service industries  software publishers, biz communication services, data processing, comp system design - ICT manufacturing declining - More jobs in service industries  don’t produce goods, just supply services to improve biz processes o Service companies help other companies more effectively use info systems - Companies that make software realize revenue based on services - Delivery of services (where people serve other businesses) growing area of employment - IS is important, growing area of employment. Good pay, but kwldge-intensive - Information and Communications Technology Council of Canada (ICTC) reports ICT Labour Market  needs individuals with skills include: o 1. Technical Skills o 2. Specific Technology and Industry Experience o 3. Satisfactory Communications and other Business Skills - ICT User Industries: o All industries other than those companies in
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