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Chapter 1

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English 2017

Pop Culture Cathryn Levine CHAPTER 1  Culture: o Significant concept of society; appears n many different and often contradictory situations o Encompasses everyday rituals such as meals, religion, work, sports, sex, family and friendship  Consumption: refers to things we buy, often what is most popular  Popular culture: what the “people” do or make for themselves  Folk culture: cultural products and practices that have developed over within a particular community or sociable identifiable group, and that are communicated from generation to generation and amongst people ho tend to be known to one another  Mass culture: produced for an unknown, disparate audience- while the transmission of folk culture is simple (face-to-face, oral) mass culture depends on electronic media to convey its message to the largest audience possible in order to secure a maximum profit, this is the ultimate goal o Advertisements, commercials, product placement, celebrity endorsement  Ideology: refers to the process by which the set of values and beliefs that bind individuals together in a society becomes “naturalized”; a more restricted interpretation is how things appear to be versus how they actually are  Materialist/Materialism: unhealthy, undesirable or vulgar attachment to the consumption and ownership of material goods- equates to being happy because you own a lot of things; stresses the importance of physical objects and existing conditions of life versus ideas  Authenticity: positive quality associated to objects or practices that demonstrate the extent to which the initial authentic phenomenon ha been compromised or drained of its value  Culture of Everyday life: The commutative practices of everyday life that are shared among those that are not particularly socially, economically or powerfully powerful  Capitalism: economic system based on private ownership of the means of production and distribution- the rich get richer  Colonialism: dominant groups have assimilated less powerful groups to their ways of life  Postmodern: phase in Western history that coincides with the information revolution and new forms of economic, social and cultural life  Monopolistic: having exclusive control over a commercial commodity  Privatized: process through which ownership of a public enterprise or responsibility to enact a state of function is transferred from government into private corporate sector o Neoliberalism: market can fulfill state functions better then the government  Industrialization: movement within a culture to move towards large-scaled mechanized industry Pop Culture Cathryn Levine  Class mobility: characteristic of society where it is possible for people to move from one social class to another and thus alter their social and economic standing- Western society has this characteristic  Commodities: objects and services produced for
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