Chapter 2 Textbook Review

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Western University
Foods and Nutrition
Foods and Nutrition 1021
Anita Cramp

Chapter 2 Textbook Review Dietary Reference Intakes (DRI): reports that contain a set of 4 lists of values for measure the nutrient intakes of healthy people in North America. They are used on food labels. They are set as guidelines and are meant to have different variations for different people (not everyone is the same) Also it is designed for health maintenance and disease prevention in healthy people, not for the restoration of health or repletion of nutrients in those with deficiencies. The lists are: - Estimated Average Requirements(EAR) o Average daily nutrient intake estimated to meet requirements of half of the healthy individuals in a particular life stage and gender group - Recommended Daily Allowances(RDA) o Daily nutrient intake goals for individuals (appropriate for 97-98% of population) - Adequate Intakes (AI) o Recommended daily nutrient intake levels based on intakes of healthy people in a particular life stage and gender that are assumed to be adequate - Tolerable Upper Intake Levels (UL) o Highest average nutrient intake level that is likely to pose no risk of toxicity to almost all healthy individuals Goals of the DRI committee: - Setting recommended intake values (RDA and AI) - Facilitating nutrition research and policy (EAR) - Establishing Safety Guidelines (UL) - Preventing chronic diseases Daily Values: nutrients standards that are printed on food labels. Based on nutrient and energy recommendation for a general 2000 calorie diet Accep
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