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Chapter 5

Chapter Five Summary and Definitions Human Geography Text

3 Pages

Course Code
Geography 1400F/G
Godwin Arku

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Chapter Five Cultures Landscapes and Identities Culture lies at the root of human geographyTo study the diversity of ways people interact with the natural environments they occupy and the plurality of built environments they create is an immense and interesting challenge particularly in light of increased globalization Geographers have developed specialized subfields to address the many strands in the web of culture The concept of culture cannot be examined without emphasis on the spatial and social processes through which culture is expressed displayed and changed over time in the landscape Change is induced by innovations that spread outward from their origin points carried by migrants through relocation diffusion or adopted by others through a variety of expansion diffusion and acculturation processes Although diffusion barriers exist most successful or advantageous innovations find adopters and both cultural modification and cultural convergence of different societies result Traditional cultural geography seeks to observe and describe the spread and impact of human activities technologies and beliefs of cultural groups over time cultural history to the natural environment cultural ecology as distributed over a particular space cultural area as manifest in a cultural landscape It takes a historical approach to changes in particular groups human environment relationship Contemporary or new cultural geography takes a political approach to explain the creation of culture and social mechanisms of cultural and environmental change The focus is upon culture as a site of struggle for identity or the meanings values and ideas people make for themselves and others which requires examining who has the power to dominate the other cultural groups and which cultural groups are subordinate to others and why at a local or global scale Physical social and lived spaces play a fundamental role in the exercise of power through exclusion expulsion containment and inclusion Class race and gender are among the primary markers of cultural identity and conflict By understanding how social intolerance and inequality work in th
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