History 2601E Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Zhang Xianzhong, Wu Sangui, Nurhaci

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Chapter 2 notes - the manchu conquest (spence) Decline of the ming, rise of the qing. The manchus (originally tribes of jurchen stock) lived in areas now known as heilongjiang and jilin provinces. Nurhaci ordered males to shave the fronts of their foreheads and braid their hair into long pigtails. Some chinese held warm welcomes for nurhaci and his troops, while others attempted to poison the wells. The jurchen were allowed to bring weapons as a means of protection. The chinese were forbidden to do the same or else face consequences. Nurhaci passed away with no one in particular to take his place. His 8th son, hong taiji, was helped to power by chinese advisors and therefore took more of a favourable view with them. Hong taiji passed away suddenly, leaving brother (5 years old) in power. Li zichend led his army out of peking and attacked general wu sangui (seen as the last defender of the ming)

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