History 2601E Chapter Notes - Chapter 3: Geng Jimao, Geng Jingzhong, Shang Kexi

103 views2 pages
22 Nov 2011
Department
Professor
Spence - Chapter 3
"Kangxi's Consolidation"
The war of the three feudatories
- Kangxi faced tough problem of unifying China under Manchu control
- 3 feudatories = Wu Sangui, Shang Kexi, Geng Jimao
- Kangxi unsure what to do with the 3 feudatories
- Kexi and Jimao passed on land to sons upon death
- Wu unwilling to leave his base peacefully
- Geng Jingzhong (son of Geng Jimao) rebelled too
- threw off alliance with Qing - declaring formation of a new dynasty (Zhou)
- influenced people to be on his side by saying that he would restore Ming
customs
- Wu passed away from dysentery, Geng and Shang were captured
- Kangxi almost lost his kingdom
Taiwan and Maritime China
- naval warrior Koxinga
- 1650's - his fleets fought the Manchus along China's east coast
- traded silks and luxury goods to supply for gun powder and other arteielly
- 1659 - frontal assault on Nanjing - defeated
- attacked Dutch fortress of Zeelandia (on Taiwan island)
- allowed them to retire to Batavia in Dutch East Indies
- took their goods and cash - ~$1 million worth
- Shi Lang (Koxinga's father's former admiral) planned campaign and won a victory in the
Pescadores over last Zheng forces
- 4 maritime customs offices set up: Guangdong, Fujian, Zhejiang, Jiangsu
- failed to develop necessary mechanisms
- preferred to work through kickbacks or purchased monopolies
Wooing the intellectuals
- lack of support for Qing among Chinese because of:
- protracted resistance of Ming claimants
- support given to Koxinga and his descendants
- swift spread and near success of 3 Feudatories
- Kangxi believed in Confucius' thoughts in "Analects"
- powers of moral example and the central importance of education was absolute
- great powers of Chinese state lay in control of examination system
- Shunzhi revived this system
- Kangxi continued holding examinations (even during civil war period)
- 3 scholars stand out for their actions and writing
(A) Wang Fuzhi
- spent years with fugitive court of the prince of Gui
- attacked individualistic philosophy of followers of mid-Ming scholar Wang Yangming
- claimed that their insistence on finding the source of morality within individual
conscience had wrecked moral fiber of time
(B) Huang Zongxi
- fought for years alongside Ming claimants and built barricades in mountains to slow
advance of Manchu troops
- suggested alternative to overcentralization of the present laid in earlier ideal Chinese
society, which had be governed by moral force of scholars working as administrators in
their own communities
- believed that emperors should have less power
- political thinkers tend to think of ways of reforming behaviour of eunuchs
(C) Gu Yanwu
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 2 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
Monthly
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.