China"s growing domestic instability was the cause and consequence of the damaging defeat inflicted from british. Difficulty for educated elites to gain official employment. Wide-scale suffering that accompanied the spread and eventual suppression of. Bureaucracies managing yellow river dike works and grand canal grew ineffective. Using government money for their own private purpose. Workers along canal pulled government barges for a living, many workers banded their local farming. Massive government system of salt distribution - was once supervised by qing officials own secret associations (to protect their jobs and to tyrannize the communities) Inefficiencies and corruption led to salt smuggling and personal trade systems. Private interests were intruding onto governmental sphere. Travelled between north and south china, working various jobs. Joined a religious sect, drawing beliefs from millenarian buddhism. Gave inspirational speeches and people donated money. Made plans to move to peking and kill emperor jiaqing.