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Chapter 1

Chapter 1 Note-Taking Charge of Your Health.docx

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Western University
Health Sciences
Health Sciences 1001A/B

Taking Charge of Your Health Jan 10, 12 Health – the overall condition of body or mind and to be the presence or absence of illness or injury Wellness – optimal health and vitality, encompassing all the dimensions of well- being Determinants of Health – twelve factors that influence the health of individuals and groups Risk Factor – a condition that increases a person’s chances of diseases or injury Health Promotion – a process of enabling people to increase control over and improve their health 6 Dimensions of Wellness: Physical Wellness - Includes fitness level, ability to care for yourself, and the absence of disease - To achieve this: avoid illnesses and injuries Emotional Wellness - Reflects the ability to understand and deal with feelings - Involves attending to thoughts and feelings, monitoring reactions and identifying obstacles to emotional stability - To achieve this: find solutions to emotional problems Intellectual Wellness - Interpersonal (or social) wellness constantly challenge their minds - An active mind is essential to wellness because it detects problems, finds solutions, and directs behaviour Interpersonal Wellness - Defined by your ability to develop and maintain satisfying and supportive relationships - This requires participating in and contributing to your community and to society Spiritual Wellness - Posses a set of guiding beliefs, principles or values that give meaning and purpose to life - Focuses on the positive aspects of life Environmental Wellness - Defined by the livability of your surroundings - Physical environment can either support your wellness or diminish it Infectious Disease – a disease that can spread from person to person; caused by microorganisms, such as bacteria and viruses Chronic Disease – a disease that develops and continues over a long period, such as heart disease or cancer Lifestyle Choice – a conscious behaviour that can increase or decrease a person’s risk of disease or injury; such behaviours include eating a healthy diet, smoking, exercising and others The Integrated Pan-Canadian Healthy Living Strategy: - If all Canadians improve these three areas of their lives the will be better able to achieve their ideal level of wellness and the nation as a whole will be much healthier Healthy Eating Objective – increase by 20% the proportion of Canadians who make healthy food choices Physical Activity Objective – increase by 20% the proportion of Canadians who participate in regular physical activity based on 30minutes per day of moderate to vigorous activity (the amount needed for health benefits) Healthy Weights Objective – increase by 20% the proportion of Canadians at a healthy body weight based on a body mass index (BMI) of 18.5 to 24.9 Health Issues for Diverse Populations:  Health related differences among individuals and groups can be biological determined genetically or culturally acquired as patterns of behaviour through daily interactions with out families communities and societies  Many health conditions are a function of biology and culture combined Stereotyping – talking about people as groups rather than as individuals Overgeneralizing – ignoring the extensive biological and cultural diversity that exists among peoples who are grouped together Sex and Gender  Sex and gender profoundly influence wellness Sex - the biological and physiological characteristics that define men and women; these characteristics are related to chromosomes and their effects on reproductive organs and the functioning of the body (World Health Organization) Gender – the roles, behaviours, activities and attributes that a given society considers appropriate for men and women - A person’s gender is rooted in biology and physiology, but it is shaped by experience and environment – how society responds to individuals based on their sex Income and Education:  Inequalities in income and education underlie many of the health disparities among Canadians or  Poverty and low educational attainment are far more important predictors of poor health than any ethnic fact  Income and education are closely related and groups with the highest poverty rates and least education have the worst health status Disability  People with disabilities are more likely to be inactive and overweight  They report more days of depression than people without disabilities Geographic Location:  A place with fewer than 1000 residents and with less than 400 people per square kilometer  People living in rural areas have higher death rates and are less likely to be physically active, to use seat belts, or to obtain screening tests for preventive health care than are their urban counterparts Sexual Orientation  Gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender teens tend to experience increased social pressures, which may help to explain why research has found them to be more likely to engage i
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