Health Sciences 1001A/B Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Quality Of Life, Stereotype, Osteoporosis

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Taking Charge of Your Health
Jan 10, 12
Health the overall condition of body or mind and to be the presence or absence of
illness or injury
Wellness optimal health and vitality, encompassing all the dimensions of well-
being
Determinants of Health twelve factors that influence the health of individuals and
groups
Risk Factor a condition that increases a person’s chances of diseases or injury
Health Promotion a process of enabling people to increase control over and
improve their health
6 Dimensions of Wellness:
Physical Wellness
- Includes fitness level, ability to care for yourself, and the absence of disease
- To achieve this: avoid illnesses and injuries
Emotional Wellness
- Reflects the ability to understand and deal with feelings
- Involves attending to thoughts and feelings, monitoring reactions and
identifying obstacles to emotional stability
- To achieve this: find solutions to emotional problems
Intellectual Wellness
- Interpersonal (or social) wellness constantly challenge their minds
- An active mind is essential to wellness because it detects problems, finds
solutions, and directs behaviour
Interpersonal Wellness
- Defined by your ability to develop and maintain satisfying and supportive
relationships
- This requires participating in and contributing to your community and to
society
Spiritual Wellness
- Posses a set of guiding beliefs, principles or values that give meaning and
purpose to life
- Focuses on the positive aspects of life
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Environmental Wellness
- Defined by the livability of your surroundings
- Physical environment can either support your wellness or diminish it
Infectious Disease a disease that can spread from person to person; caused by
microorganisms, such as bacteria and viruses
Chronic Disease a disease that develops and continues over a long period, such as
heart disease or cancer
Lifestyle Choice a conscious behaviour that can increase or decrease a person’s
risk of disease or injury; such behaviours include eating a healthy diet, smoking,
exercising and others
The Integrated Pan-Canadian Healthy Living Strategy:
- If all Canadians improve these three areas of their lives the will be better able
to achieve their ideal level of wellness and the nation as a whole will be much
healthier
Healthy Eating Objective increase by 20% the proportion of Canadians who make
healthy food choices
Physical Activity Objective increase by 20% the proportion of Canadians who
participate in regular physical activity based on 30minutes per day of moderate to
vigorous activity (the amount needed for health benefits)
Healthy Weights Objective increase by 20% the proportion of Canadians at a
healthy body weight based on a body mass index (BMI) of 18.5 to 24.9
Health Issues for Diverse Populations:
Health related differences among individuals and groups can be biological
determined genetically or culturally acquired as patterns of behaviour
through daily interactions with out families communities and societies
Many health conditions are a function of biology and culture combined
Stereotyping talking about people as groups rather than as individuals
Overgeneralizing ignoring the extensive biological and cultural diversity that
exists among peoples who are grouped together
Sex and Gender
Sex and gender profoundly influence wellness
Sex - the biological and physiological characteristics that define men and women;
these characteristics are related to chromosomes and their effects on reproductive
organs and the functioning of the body (World Health Organization)
Gender the roles, behaviours, activities and attributes that a given society
considers appropriate for men and women
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