Health Sciences 1001A/B Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Anxiety Disorder, Abraham Maslow

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Published on 19 Apr 2013
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4/19/2013 7:31:00 AM
Defining psychological health
Psychological health our capacity to think, feel, and behave in ways that contribute to our
ability to enjoy life and manage challenges
Encompasses the dimensions of health
Freedom from disorder is only one factor amongst many that determine weather or not you are
psychologically healthy
Abraham Maslow (1960’s) “toward a psychology of being
Hierarchy of needs:
o 1. Self actualization
o 2. Maintaining self-esteem
o 3. Being loved
o 4. Safety
o 5. Psychological needs
deficiency needs= 2,3,4,5
Described an ideal of mental health
Advanced a hierarchy of needs in order of urgency
o Psychological needs=most urgent
Those who make it to the top are self actualized
self actualization
o maslow studied a group of people who seemed to be living at their fullest
o stated that these people had reached self actualization that they have fulfilled
much of their potential
o self actualized individuals= psychologically healthy individuals
o suggested that people who are self actualized share certain qualities:
o 1. Realism
knowing the dif between what is real and what is want
allows them to cope with the world as it exists they know what they can
and cannot change
o 2. Acceptance
accepting themselves for who they are
positive self concept = self acceptance
self concept self image, positive perception of yourself
also means being tolerant of your own imperfections
this also makes it easier to accept the imperfections of others
o 3. Autonomy
means you can direct yourself and act independently of your environment
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social emotional physical and intellectual independence
autonomous people are inner directed finding guidance from within
other directed acting only in response to outside pressures, (ex. will
say what they think will make others happy instead of what they actually
feel)
o 4. Authenticity
not afraid to be themselves
usually respong in genuine spontaneous way, almost childlike
not afraid to be judged
o 5. Capacity for intimacy
physically and emotionally intimacy
not afraid to share feelings/thoughts
not afraid of getting hurt
o 6. Creativity
no fear of the unknown
see the world in a new light every day
more open to new experiences
o we should not dwell on the past
o we should strive to complete our challenges but not consider ourselves failures if
we do not accomplish them
can we reach self actualization?
o An ideal to strive for
o Cannot redo the past (ex. Childhood and past experiences)
o People who are considered psychologically healthy are able to accomplish current
challenges without clinging to the past
what psychological health is NOT
psychological health doesn’t = psychological normality (being close to average)
never seeking psychological health doesn’t mean you are healthy
cant say people are mentally healthy based on presence/absence of symptoms
o ex. Anxiety, someone with anxiety can catch a problem quicker then someone who
is super calm and will neve fine the problem so the person with anxiety in this
situation would be considered more mentally healthy
cant judge psychological health from the way people look (someone who looks happy may
be unhappy)
fun fact: 80% of people who intend to commit suicide make a comment to someone
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characteristics of a psychologically healthy individual
1. Feel comfortable about themselves
o experience the full range of human emotions btu are not overcome by them
2. Interact well with others
o are able to give and receive love, have satisfying relationships
3.able to meet the demands of life
o respnding appropriately to problems, accepting responsibility
4. Striking a balance in all aspects of life
5. Resilience
o the ability to recapture wellness within a reasonable time after encountering
difficult situation
meeting life’s challenges
fun fact: nearly 70% of canadiens report their health as excellent or very good
growing up psychologically
Eric Erkison: development happens in 8 stages (table 2.1 page 36)
Developing an adult identity
o Unified sense of self
o Who you are, what you are capable of, what role you play, your place among your
peers
o ability to form strong bonds with others while still maintaining a strong sense of
self
o identities evolve as we make choices in life
o early identities usually modeled after out parents, sometime opposite (rebellious)
o other time others are added to the list of role models
o identity can be internal (viewing ourselves) and external (how the world sees us
ex. the way we dress)
o identity crisis when we feel we do not have a personal identity and we freak
out
developing intimacy
o being able to love and work
o those who establish their own identity have an easier time developing relationships
because they can accept others easier once they have accepted themselves
o people who don’t have a firm sense of self feel overwhelmed by others getting
close to them so they experience shorter, more superficial relationships
developing values and purpose
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Document Summary

Psychological health our capacity to think, feel, and behave in ways that contribute to our ability to enjoy life and manage challenges. Freedom from disorder is only one factor amongst many that determine weather or not you are psychologically healthy. Abraham maslow (1960"s) toward a psychology of being . Advanced a hierarchy of needs in order of urgency: psychological needs=most urgent. Realism knowing the dif between what is real and what is want allows them to cope with the world as it exists they know what they can and cannot change: 2. Means you can direct yourself and act independently of your environment social emotional physical and intellectual independence autonomous people are inner directed finding guidance from within. Other directed acting only in response to outside pressures, (ex. will say what they think will make others happy instead of what they actually feel: 4.

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