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Chapter 1

Health Sciences 1001A/B Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Cardiovascular Disease, Common Cold, One Health

Health Sciences
Course Code
HS 1001A/B
Shauna Burke

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Chapter One Health and Wellness
What is health?
- “Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the
absence of disease or infirmity” WHO 1984
- “Health is, therefore, seen as a resource for everyday life... health is a positive concept
emphasizing social and personal resources, as well as physical capabilities.” WHO 1986
What is wellness?
- An expanded idea of health
- The ability to live life fully, with vitality and meaning
- Largely determined by the decisions you make about how you live your life
- Not a static goal but a process of change and growth
- Encompasses 7 interrelated dimensions
7 dimensions of wellness
1. Physical
2. Interpersonal/social
3. Mental/intellectual
4. Occupational
5. Emotional
6. Environmental
7. Spiritual
Physical wellness
- Requires healthy eating, exercise,
learning about disease, getting regular check ups
- Influences quality of life and how many years you will live
- Health related quality of life = a personal sense of physical and mental health. Requires a full
range of functional capacity to enable people to work, play and maintain satisfying relationships
Interpersonal/social wellbeing
- Involves learning effective communication skills, developing the capacity for intimacy, and
cultivating a support network
- Requires participating in and contributing to your community, country and world
Mental/intellectual wellness
- Includes an openness to new ideas, a capacity to think critically and to learn new skills
- The ability to process and use information is one of the most important aspects of wellness

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Occupational wellness
- A sense of personal satisfaction derived from career/career development
- Involves attaining a work-influence
Emotional wellness
- Includes optimism, trust, self-esteem, self-control, an ability to show feelings
- Requires monitoring feelings, identifying obstacles to emotional well-being and finding solutions
to emotional problems
- Mostly closely related to your feelings
Environmental wellness
- Personal health depends on the health of the planet (ex. violence, pollution)
- Requires learning about protecting yourself against such hazards
- Also involves taking action- doing what you can to decrease or eliminate these hazards
Spiritual Wellness
- Includes having a set of guiding beliefs, principles, or values that give meaning and purpose to
one‟s life
- Involves the capacity for love, compassion, forgiveness, joy, altruism, and fulfillment
- A resource for decreasing personal stress
- Some health professionals believe it is the core of wellness
Infectious vs. Chronic Diseases
Infectious: communicable from one person another
- Tuberculosis, diphtheria
- Influenza
- Common cold
Chronic: develop and become worse over a period of time, caused in part (and sometimes) by lifestyle
- Cancer
- Heart disease
- Stroke
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