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Chapter 4

Chapter 4 - Weight Management.docx

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Health Sciences
Health Sciences 1001A/B
Shauna Burke

Chapter Four – Weight Management Adopting a Healthy Lifestyle: - Most weight problems are lifestyle problems - Slow weight gain a major cause of overweight and obesity – weight management is important for everyone - Early adulthood – good time to adopt healthy behaviours - Several lifestyle factors are critical for long term weight management Research: Weight Gain in University: Cornell University (2003) – students put on an average of 15lbs between the time have they left high school till the end of first year university - Students gained roughly 4lbs during the first 3 months (11x the expected weight gain for a typical 17-18 year old and 20x the expected weight gain for an average adult) - Accounted for by all-you-can eat dining facilities, increase in the number of evening snacks, increase in the number of weekend meals, increase in the consumption of junk food University of Guelph - Suggested that freshman 15 is a myth - Study included more than 100 first year women - Women gained roughly 5lbs between the time they left high school and ended their first year at university - Still a cause for concern as women also increased BMI, body fat%, and waist circumference Thinking and Emotions: - Low SE and negative emotions often accompany weight issues - Internally held pictures of an „ideal self‟ often result of unrealistic goals and beliefs about how we and others should be - Challenge these beliefs and replace with realistic ones - Involves setting realistic goals, engaging in positive self talk (and stopping negative self talk) and problem solving Coping Strategies: - Food is often as coping mechanism Healthier ways of coping include: - Fostering communication skills - Learning to manage interpersonal conflict - Creating and maintaining healthy relationships - Using food appropriately – a fuel for life‟s activities - Obtaining adequate amounts of sleep Body Image and Self-Concept: - Consists of perceptions, images, thoughts, attit
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