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Chapter 1

Chapter 1 - Taking Charge of you Health Health, wellness, infectious vs. chronic diseases, life expectancy, and threats to life expectancy.


Department
Health Sciences
Course Code
HS 1001A/B
Professor
Shauna Burke
Chapter
1

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Chapter 1:
Taking Charge of Your Health Sept 14/10
Required reading: chapter 1 pg 1-29
Chapter 1 Taking Charge of Your Health
What is Health?
A state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being
Not merely the absence of disease or infirmity
A positive concept emphasizing social and personal resources as
well as physical capabilities
Health is a resource for everyday life
What is Wellness?
An expanded idea of health
The ability to live life fully with vitality and meaning
Determined by decisions one makes on how to live their life (how
they choose to live their life)
Not a static goal; it is a dynamic process of change and growth
7 interrelated dimensions, all of which interact continuously,
influencing and being influence by one another
o Physical Wellness
Healthy eating, exercise, learning about disease,
regular checkups, etc.
Influences quality of life and how many years you live
Health Related Quality of Life: personal sense of physical and
mental health. This requires a full range of functional capacity
to enable work, play and maintain satisfying relationships
o Interpersonal/ Social Wellness
Learning effective communication skills, capacity for
intimacy, & cultivating a support network
Requires participating in and contributing to your
community, county, and world
o Mental/ Intellectual Wellness
Includes openness to new ideas, capacity to think
critically, and learn new skills
The ability to process and use information

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o Occupational Wellness
A sense of personal satisfaction derived from career/
career development
Involves attaining work/life balance
o Emotional Wellness
Includes optimism, trust, self-esteem, self control, an
ability to share feelings
Requires monitoring feelings, identifying obstacles to
emotional well-being, and finding solutions to emotional
problems
Closely related to your feelings
o Environmental Wellness
Personal health depends on health of the planet (Ex.
Violence, pollution…)
Requires learning about and protecting yourself against
hazards
Involves taking action to decrease hazards
o Spiritual Wellness
Having a set of guiding beliefs, principles, values that
give meaning and purpose to one’s life
Capacity for love, compassion, forgiveness, joy,
altruism (selflessness), fulfillment
A resource to reduce stress
Some health professionals believe it is the core of
wellness
Infectious vs. Chronic Diseases
Infection: communicable from one person to another
o Tuberculosis (lungs), diphtheria (nose and mouth)
o Common cold
o HIV/AIDS, SARS, H1N1
Chronic: develop and become worse over a period of time, often
cause by lifestyle choices/factors
o Cancer
o Heart Disease

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o Stroke
Life Expectancy and Major Health Threats
Early 1900’s
Life expectancy: 58.8 (m), 60.6 (f)
Health threats: infectious diseases (Ex. Cholera, tuberculosis,
pneumonia)
Spread due to lack of clean water, poor sewage removal, living in
close quarters, etc
Growing trade between countries moves diseases from one country
to another
Sources of infectious diseases were soon discovered
Became easier to control the spread of disease and public health
became important
Adoption of vaccinations and development of antibiotics allowed
Western society to control the major causes or morbidity (illness or
disease) and mortality (death)
People began to expect that modern medicine could conquer any
illness
In some ways, this belief holds true today
The discovery of penicillin by Sir Alexander Fleming during WWII
saved many lives
It is not clear why chronic diseases weren’t very prevalent during
WWII
In Canada Today
Life expectancy (2005-07): 78 (m), 83 (f)
Health threats: chronic diseases (cancer, heart disease, stroke)
Many risk factors fall within the realm of a persons ‘lifestyle’
People are living longer, but with disease
Chronic Diseases
The best course of action is prevention
Individuals have some control over whether they develop certain
chronic diseases
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