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Chapter 12

Health Sciences 1001A/B Chapter Notes - Chapter 12: Weaning, Otitis Media, Coeliac Disease

Health Sciences
Course Code
HS 1001A/B
Shauna Burke

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Chapter 12: Breastfeeding and the Use of Human Milk
- Breastfeeding an human milk are the normative standards for infant feeding and
- There is a recommendation of exclusive breastfeeding for about 6 months, followed by
continued breastfeeding as complimentary foods are introduced with the continuation
of breastfeeding for 1 year or longer
- The disparities in breastfeeding rates are associated with various in hospital routines,
therefore a greater emphasis needs to be placed on improving and standardizing
hospital-based practices
- It has been calculated that more than 900 infants lives per year may be saved in the US
if 90% of mothers exclusively breastfed for 6 months
- In the 42 developing countries, in which 90% of the worlds childhood deaths occur,
exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months and weaning after 1 year is the most effective
intervention, with the potential of preventing more than 1 million infant deaths per year
- Infants who are breastfed show many positive effects; including respiratory tract and
infectious otitis media decrease, a much smaller percentage of sudden infant death
syndrome and infant mortality, benefit in gastrointestinal tract infections, decrease in
necrotizing enterocolitis, decrease in allergic diseases, celiac disease, inflammatory
bowel disease, obesity, diabetes, childhood leukemia and lymphoma, and positive
neurodevelopmental outcomes
- The potent benefits of human milk are such that all preterm infants should receive
human milk
- Mothers experience decreased postpartum blood loss and more rapid involution of the
- Pacifiers should only be used for pain relief, as a calming agent, or as part of a program
for enhancing oral motor function
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