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Chapter 4

Lecture 5 - Chapter 4 - Weight Management.docx

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Western University
Health Sciences
Health Sciences 1001A/B
Shauna Burke

Chapter 4: Weight Management Week 4 Adopting a Healthy Lifestyle  Most weight problems are lifestyle problems  Slow weight gain is a major cause of overweight and obesity o Weight management important for everyone  Early adulthood o Good time to adopt healthy behaviours  Several lifestyle factors are critical for long-term weight management Weight Gain in University  Cornell University (2003) o Students put on an average of 15 lbs between the time they left high school and end of first year university  Freshman 15  Students gains ~4lbs during the 1 3 months o 11x expected weight gain for typical 17-18 year old and 20x expected weight gain for average adult  Accounted for by: o All-you-can eat dining facilities o Increase in number of evening snacks o Increase of number of weekend meals o Increase consumption…………  University of Guelph (2006) o Suggest that “Freshman 15” is a myth o Study included >100 1 year females o Women gained ~5lbs between the time they left high school and end of 1 st year university o Still a cause for concern as women also:  Increased BMI  Body fat %  Waist Circumference Thinking and Emotions  Low self esteem and negative emotions often accompany weight problems  Internally held pictures of an “ideal self” often result of unrealistic goals and beliefs about how we and others should be  Challenge these beliefs and replace with realistic ones o Involves:  Setting realistic goals  Engaging in positive self talk  Stopping negative self talk  Problem solving Coping Strategies  Food is often used as a coping mechanism  Healthier ways of coping include: o Fostering communication skills o Learning to manage interpersonal conflict o Creating and maintaining health relationships o Using food appropriately – a fuel for life’s activities o Obtaining adequate amounts of sleep Body Image and Self-Concept  Consists of: o Perceptions o Images o Thoughts o Attitudes o Emotions  Developing a positive body image important for psychological wellness  Individuals wi
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