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Chapter 1

Chapter 1 on Taking Charge of Your Health

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Health Sciences
Health Sciences 1001A/B
Bert Carron

Chapter 1 Health Sci. 1 skills; willing to give and receive help; may cause Chapter 1: Taking Charge of Your anxiety Health 5. Intellectual: challenge minds; continuous learning; openness to new ideas, creativity, critical thinking Health vs. Wellness: 6. Environmental: livability of your surroundings; protecting self against hazards; understand how  Health – a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the your atmosphere influences your emotions; recycling, appreciating nature absence of disease or infirmity; some aspects 7. Occupational: fulfillment you gain through work; can be influenced by factors beyond your work-life balance; comfort with financial situation control i.e. genes, age, health care system (doesn’t mean wealthiness is happiness)  Wellness – optimal health and vitality,  Interact continuously: influencing each other encompassing all the dimensions of well-being; ability to live fully, with vitality and meaning; Infectious Disease: communicable from one person to dynamic process of change and growth; largely another; caused by bacteria and viruses; common cold, determined by the decisions you make HIV, flu Chronic Disease: develops and worsens over a long Determinants of Health: period; influenced by lifestyle factors/choices (conscious 1. Income and Social Status behaviours that increase or decrease ones risk of 2. Education and Literacy disease or injury i.e. smoking, exercising); best solution is prevention 3. Social Environments 4. Personal Health Practices and Coping Skills Morbidity: illness or disease vs. Mortality: death 5. Biology and Genetic Endowment Life Expectancy Statistics 6. Gender 7. Social Support Network Early to Mid 1900s North America 8. Employment and Working Conditions  Males 58.8yrs/Females 60.6yrs 9. Physical Environment 10. Healthy Child Development  Infectious diseases, poor environmental conditions (no public sanitary guidelines), trade 11. Health Services 12. Culture between countries  SOLUTION: realization of importance of Dimensions of Wellness treatment; public health became important; 1. Physical: healthy eating, exercise, safe sex; adoption of vaccinations and antibiotics determines length and quality of life 2007-2009 Canada 2. Emotional: understand and deal with your  Males 78.8yrs/Females 83.8yrs feelings; identifying obstacles and finding solutions; heart of all 7 aspects; optimism, trust,  Chronic diseases; risk factors caused by lifestyle self esteem and personal behaviours  Top three causes of death: Cancer, heart 3. Spiritual: having guiding principles and values that give life a purpose; capacity for compassion, disease, stroke forgiveness, altruism (selfless giving), fulfillment,  Smoking, poor diet, inactivity, alcohol use -> art, meditation, religion; accepting others views leading preventable causes of death 4. Interpersonal (Social): developing and maintaining  Highest world life expectancy in and west of supportive relationships; intimacy, communication Ontario Chapter 1 Health Sci. 2  Life expectancy increases as education level and reserves report double the rate of heavy immigrant concentration do, and as drinking unemployment decreases 3. Income and Education: highest poverty  Healthy Immigrant Effect: ambitious people rates and least education have worst come to improve their lives; self-selection (the health status healthy choose to come; selection (Canada 4. Disability: more likely to be overweight accepts certain people); doesn’t sustain itself and depressed 5. Geographic Location: rural areas have Pan Canadian Healthy Living Strategy higher death rates, less graduation rates, less access to 911; they also report less  Created in 2002 based on population health approach, hoping to attain vision by 2015 stress 6. Sexual Orientation: non-straight  Government has humanitarian AND experience increased social pressures; financial concerns in wellness – cost associated with chronic disease $80bil/year more likely to engage in risky behaviours  Goal: reduce chronic diseases by addressing Factors that Influence Wellness: Health Habits, Heredity risk factors and societal conditions and Family History, Environment, Access to Health Care, (walkability of a city, tobacco use) Behaviour  Considers personal behaviours and social, Behaviour Change economic, environmental influences  In 2010 new factors were added (mental health, self-injury)
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