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Chapter 2

Chapter 2 on Psychological Health

5 Pages

Health Sciences
Course Code
Health Sciences 1001A/B
Bert Carron

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Chapter 2 Health Sci 1 inner rules and values, not others Chapter 2: Psychological Health expectations) Psychological Health  Authenticity – genuineness, no worry about being judged  Mental health, defined either negatively as the  Capacity for Intimacy – emotional and physical giving and recieving absence of illness, or positively as the presence of wellness  Creativity – don’t fear the unknown, look at  Our capacity to think, feel, and behave in ways that world with renewed appreciation  When urgent needs are satisfied, less basic needs contribute to our ability to enjoy life and manage challenges take priority  Encompasses mental, social, and spiritual  Problem: we have to meet basic needs before dimensions of health moving up, what if we don’t have the means i.e. no  Freedom from disorders is only one factor in decent housing psychological wellness Erikson’s Stages of Development There is no such thing as psychological normality.  Development proceeds through a series of 8 stages  No normal way for feelings, thoughts, etc. that are characterized by a major turning point –  Psychological diversity is valuable increased potential for psychological growth  Early failures can have repercussions later Illness cannot be determined by symptoms alone.  Life provides ongoing opportunities for mastering these tasks  Everybody has negative emotions  Stages:  PATTERNS of symptoms can help diagnose Age Conflict Important Task Cannot be determined by the way one looks. People Birth-1 year Trust vs. Primary Developing the trust that Mistrust caregiver others will respond to Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs your needs 1-3 years Autonomy vs. Parents Learning self-control  Psychologist Abraham Maslow described an ideal of Shame and without losing capacity mental health in his book, Toward a Psychology of self-doubt for assertiveness 3-6 years Initiative vs.Family Developing a conscience Being Guilt that is not too inhibiting  He studied individuals who lived “full” lives like 6-12 years Industry vs. Neighbours Learning the value of Inferiority and School accomplishment and Einstein, Roosevelt, etc. perseverance without  List of needs in order of decreasing importance: feeling inadequate 1. Physiological needs: food, water, shelter, sleep, Adolescence Identity vs. Peers Developing a stable Confusion sense of who you are exercise, sex Young Intimacy vs. Close friends,Learning to live and share 2. Safety: safe surroundings, security, protection adulthood Isolation sex partners intimately with others Middle Generativity Coworkers, Doing things for others by others Adulthood vs. self- children, absorption community 3. Being loved: belonging, connected 4. Maintaining self-esteem: as a person, in Older Integrity vs. Humankind Affirming the value of life Adulthood Despair and its ideals relationships 5. Self-actualization: an ideal to strive for, focus on the now not dwell on the past Developing an Adult Identity  Realism – know what they can and cannot change, can adapt beliefs accordingly  Unified sense of self characterized by attitudes, beliefs, and ways of acting that are genuinely your  Acceptance – accept themselves and own others, open minded  Autonomy – act independently from social  Challenging to obtain when so many roles and choices are possible and much time for environment, inner-directed (guided by experimenting Chapter 2 Health Sci 2  Parents/Rebellion against parents, peers/rock  Projection: reacting to unacceptable inner impulses stars/sports heroes, cliques: all rarely permanent as if they were from outside the self early identity influences  Repression: expelling from awareness an  Must develop to avoid identity crisis: internal unpleasement memory or feeling confusion about who you are  Denial: Refusing to acknowledge what you know to be true Developing Intimacy  Passive-Aggression: Expressing hostility toward  To be able to love and work someone by being covertly uncooperative  Intimate relationships with open communication  Displacement: Shifting your feelings about a person  Lack of identity may feel overwhelmed by needs of to another another and only experienced superficial  Rationalization: Giving a false, acceptable reason when the real reason is unacceptable relationships  Substitution: Replacing a frustrating goal with a more Developing Values and Purpose in Your Life attainable one  Humour: Finding something funny in unpleasant  Values underlie our moral decisions and behaviour situations  Good and Bad: immediate tangible rewards, then authority figures and rules, then justice and virtue Hardiness  Your actions and how you justify them proclaim to others what you stand for  Works with SE  Exists when one shows 3 important traits: Characteristics of a Psychologically Health Individual 1. High level of commitment to something/someone 1. Feel comfortable about themselves and not 2. Sense of control overwhelmed by full range of human emotion 3. Welcome challenge 2. Interact well with others , give and receive love 3. Able to meet demands of life, respond appropriately Psychological Disorders to problems, accept responsibility, realistic goals 4. Striking a balance in all aspects of life  When emotions or irrational thoughts start to 5. Resilience: ability to recapture a sense of interfere with daily activities and peace of mine they psychological wellness within a reasonable time can be considered symptoms of a psychological disorder after a difficult situation (cope and bounce back)  Many people have a less than optimal level of Self Esteem psychological health  Result from many factors (genetics, learning and life  Regarding yourself as good, competent, worth of love events: mix of genes and environment)  Critical component Mood Disorders  May offset self-destructive behaviours  Finding balance between ideal self, and current self,  Emotional disturbance that is intense and persistent enough to affect normal function and reducing this gap  Foundations can be traced to childhood Depression  People responsible for enhancing their own SE  To improve, avoid cognitive distortion (negative  Characterized by feelings of sadness, thinking that makes events seem worse than they melancholy, rejection, worthlessness, are), develop realistic self-talk, being less defensive emptiness, hopelessness  Symptoms: loss of interest, appetite change, Defense Mechanisms sleeping pattern change, avoidance of people, suicidal thoughts, lack of focus  Mental device for coping with conflict or anxiety Chapter 2 Health Sci 3  Becomes an illness when lasts several weeks Suicide and interferes with social and work life  At any given time almost 3 million Canadians  Often associated with severe depression  2 leading cause of death among youth suffer from this (8% at some point in lifetime)  Women 2x as likely to be clinically depressed  Individuals become overwhelmed by destructive emotions  35% of the depressed seek help  Feel helpless/powerless over their lives  Depressed commonly have compounding  Men between 45-49 highest suicide rate problems (family, social)  Canadian Aboriginal youth 6x the national average  Related to most suicides and attempts rate Types of Depression  Women attempt 3x more than men, but men succeed 3x more Major:
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