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CA (164,050)
Western (16,453)
HS 1001A/B (827)
Shauna Burke (133)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1: Taking Charge of Health

7 Pages

Health Sciences
Course Code
Health Sciences 1001A/B
Shauna Burke

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Chapter 1: Taking Care of Your Health 09/10/13 Wellness: The New Goal Health- determined/influenced by factors beyond control ex. genes, age, health care system • • Wellness- optimal health/vitality, encompassing all dimensions of well-being • Enhanced wellness- decisions to control risk factors that contribute to disease/injury • Health Promotion- process of enabling people to increase control over and improve health Dimensions of Wellness: • Physical - body’s overall condition - absence of disease - fitness level - ability to care for yourself • Emotional - attending to own thoughts/feelings - monitoring reactions - identifying obstacles to emotional stability • Intellectual - challenge mind/ keep learning - detects problems, finds solutions, directs behaviour - seek/relish new experiences Interpersonal • - develop/maintain relationships - contribute to community/society • Spiritual - set guiding beliefs, principles, values - antidote for negative feelings - organized religions - nature, art, meditation, good works • Environmental - livability of surroundings ex. violence in society, safety of food supply New Opportunities, New Responsibilities: Chapter 1: Taking Care of Your Health 09/10/13 • Infectious Disease: spread from person to person; caused by microorganisms ex. bacteria • Chronic Disease: develops and continues over long period ex. heart disease, cancer • Lifestyle Choice: conscious behaviour that can increase or decrease person’s risk of disease/injury ex. smoking, exercising, healthy diet The Integrated Pan-Canadian Healthy Living Strategy: • chronic disease $80 billion annually • created 2002: curbing nation’s noncomunicable diseases by addressing preventable risk factors (ex. physical inactivity, unhealthy diet, tobacco use) and societal conditions (ex. income, employment, education, geographical isolation, social exclusion) • goals: improve health outcomes, reduce health disparities - Healthy Eating: increase by 20% make healthy food choices - PhysicalActivity: increase by 20% 30 min/day of moderate exercise - Healthy Weights: increase by 20% based on BMI Health Issues for Diverse Populations: • 29 ethnic origins in Canada • eat well, exercise, protect against disease/injury, personal relationships • biological- determined genetically • cultural- acquired as patterns of behaviour through daily interactions with families, communities, societies • stereotyping- people as groups, not individuals • overgeneralizing- ignoring extensive biological and cultural diversity that exists among people grouped together • health related differences- gender, ethnicity, income/education, disability, geographic location, sexual orientation Sex & Gender: • sex- biological & psychological characteristics that define men and women Chapter 1: Taking Care of Your Health 09/10/13 - chromosomes & their effects on reproductive organs, functioning of body ex. menstruation • gender- roles, behaviours, activities & attributes that a given society considers appropriate for men & women - shaped by experience & environment ex. lower earnings among women, higher smoking rate Ethnicity: • disparities result from complex mix of genetic variations, environmental factors, health behaviours • traditional diets, family/ interpersonal relationships, tobacco, alcohol, health beliefs/practices • Aboriginal- high infant mortality rate, shorter life expectancy • First Nations & InuitAboriginal- diabetes, tuberculosis, heart disease • factors: lack of physical activity, excessive alcohol consumption, poor nutritional intake Income/Education: • poverty, low education attainment, • higher rates of infant mortality, traumatic injury/violent death, diseases, cancers • eat poorly, overweight, smoke, drink, use drugs • psychological stressors- multiple jobs, unreliable transportation Disability: • activity limitations, need assistance • more likely to be inactive, overweight, depressed Geographical Location: • rural- higher death rates, less likely to be physically active, less likely to finish high school, less stressed, better sense of community Sexual Orientation: • 1.5% gay, lesbian, transgender, bisexual • factors: personal, family, social acceptance • more likely to engage in unsafe sex, drugs/substance abuse, depression, suicide Choosing Wellness: • requires self-awareness, motivation, knowledge Chapter 1: Taking Care of Your Health 09/10/13 Factors That Influence Wellness: Health Habits: • many before adulthood ex. smoking - > heart disease
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