Textbook Notes (372,124)
CA (164,050)
Western (16,453)
HS 1001A/B (827)
Shauna Burke (133)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1: Taking Charge of Health

7 Pages
102 Views

Department
Health Sciences
Course Code
Health Sciences 1001A/B
Professor
Shauna Burke

This preview shows pages 1 and half of page 2. Sign up to view the full 7 pages of the document.
Description
Chapter 1: Taking Care of Your Health 09/10/13 Wellness: The New Goal Health- determined/influenced by factors beyond control ex. genes, age, health care system • • Wellness- optimal health/vitality, encompassing all dimensions of well-being • Enhanced wellness- decisions to control risk factors that contribute to disease/injury • Health Promotion- process of enabling people to increase control over and improve health Dimensions of Wellness: • Physical - body’s overall condition - absence of disease - fitness level - ability to care for yourself • Emotional - attending to own thoughts/feelings - monitoring reactions - identifying obstacles to emotional stability • Intellectual - challenge mind/ keep learning - detects problems, finds solutions, directs behaviour - seek/relish new experiences Interpersonal • - develop/maintain relationships - contribute to community/society • Spiritual - set guiding beliefs, principles, values - antidote for negative feelings - organized religions - nature, art, meditation, good works • Environmental - livability of surroundings ex. violence in society, safety of food supply New Opportunities, New Responsibilities: Chapter 1: Taking Care of Your Health 09/10/13 • Infectious Disease: spread from person to person; caused by microorganisms ex. bacteria • Chronic Disease: develops and continues over long period ex. heart disease, cancer • Lifestyle Choice: conscious behaviour that can increase or decrease person’s risk of disease/injury ex. smoking, exercising, healthy diet The Integrated Pan-Canadian Healthy Living Strategy: • chronic disease $80 billion annually • created 2002: curbing nation’s noncomunicable diseases by addressing preventable risk factors (ex. physical inactivity, unhealthy diet, tobacco use) and societal conditions (ex. income, employment, education, geographical isolation, social exclusion) • goals: improve health outcomes, reduce health disparities - Healthy Eating: increase by 20% make healthy food choices - PhysicalActivity: increase by 20% 30 min/day of moderate exercise - Healthy Weights: increase by 20% based on BMI Health Issues for Diverse Populations: • 29 ethnic origins in Canada • eat well, exercise, protect against disease/injury, personal relationships • biological- determined genetically • cultural- acquired as patterns of behaviour through daily interactions with families, communities, societies • stereotyping- people as groups, not individuals • overgeneralizing- ignoring extensive biological and cultural diversity that exists among people grouped together • health related differences- gender, ethnicity, income/education, disability, geographic location, sexual orientation Sex & Gender: • sex- biological & psychological characteristics that define men and women Chapter 1: Taking Care of Your Health 09/10/13 - chromosomes & their effects on reproductive organs, functioning of body ex. menstruation • gender- roles, behaviours, activities & attributes that a given society considers appropriate for men & women - shaped by experience & environment ex. lower earnings among women, higher smoking rate Ethnicity: • disparities result from complex mix of genetic variations, environmental factors, health behaviours • traditional diets, family/ interpersonal relationships, tobacco, alcohol, health beliefs/practices • Aboriginal- high infant mortality rate, shorter life expectancy • First Nations & InuitAboriginal- diabetes, tuberculosis, heart disease • factors: lack of physical activity, excessive alcohol consumption, poor nutritional intake Income/Education: • poverty, low education attainment, • higher rates of infant mortality, traumatic injury/violent death, diseases, cancers • eat poorly, overweight, smoke, drink, use drugs • psychological stressors- multiple jobs, unreliable transportation Disability: • activity limitations, need assistance • more likely to be inactive, overweight, depressed Geographical Location: • rural- higher death rates, less likely to be physically active, less likely to finish high school, less stressed, better sense of community Sexual Orientation: • 1.5% gay, lesbian, transgender, bisexual • factors: personal, family, social acceptance • more likely to engage in unsafe sex, drugs/substance abuse, depression, suicide Choosing Wellness: • requires self-awareness, motivation, knowledge Chapter 1: Taking Care of Your Health 09/10/13 Factors That Influence Wellness: Health Habits: • many before adulthood ex. smoking - > heart disease
More Less
Unlock Document
Subscribers Only

Only pages 1 and half of page 2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
Subscribers Only
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document
Subscribers Only

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit