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Canada (158,081)
Shauna Burke (120)
Chapter 1

2012.02.07 - HSci 1001 Chapter 1 Review Notes.docx

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Western University
Health Sciences
Health Sciences 1001A/B
Shauna Burke

Chapter One  Wellness - The ability to live life fully, with vitality and meaning o Not a static goal, rather a dynamic process (constantly changing process)  Physical Wellness - Requires healthy eating, exercise, learning about disease, getting regular check-ups, etc. and influences how many years you will live o Health-related Quality of Life = a personal sense of physical and mental health  Interpersonal/Social Wellness - Involves learning effective communication skills, developing the capacity for intimacy, a cultivating a support network o Requires participation and contribution in your community, country and world  Mental/Intellectual Wellness – Includes an openness to new ideas, a capacity to think critically and to learn new skills o The ability to process and use information is one of the most important aspects of wellness  Occupational Wellness – A sense of personal satisfaction derived from career/career development o Involves attaining a work-life balance  Emotional Wellness – Includes optimism, trust, self-esteem, self-control, and an ability to share/express feelings o Requires monitoring feelings, identifying obstacles to emotional well-being and finding solutions to emotional problems  Environmental Wellness – Personal health depends on the health of the planet o Requires learning about and protecting yourself from hazards such as violence, pollution, etc. o Also involves taking action – doing what you can do to reduce or eliminate hazards  Spiritual Wellness – Includes having a set of guiding beliefs, principals, or values that give meaning and purpose to one’s life o Involves the capacity for love, compassion, forgiveness, joy, altruism, and fulfillment  altruism – selflessness, being concerned for others o A good resource for reducing stress  Infectious disease - communicable from one person to another (transferable) o Examples: common cold, HIV/AIDS, H1N1, tuberculosis  Chronic disease - develop and become worse over time (often caused by lifestyle factors) o Examples: cancer, heart disease, stroke  In the early 1900s: Life expectancy = 58.8 yrs (M) and 60.6 yrs (F) o Health threats were from infectious disease and spread due to lack of clean water and knowledge of the diseases, poor sewage removal, living in close quarters, growing trade market, etc. o Sources and treatments of infectious disease were discovered, thus it was easier to control the spread of disease and public health became important  In recent years: Life expectancy (2005-07) = 78 yrs (M) and 83 yrs (F) o Health threats are from chronic diseases and many risk factors fall within a person’s lifestyle and decisions  Life expectancy in Canada is higher than most countries, but lower in the eastern provinces in comparison to inside and west of Ontario  Life expectancy increases as unemployment decreases, and level of education increases  The best course of action against chronic diseases is prevention  Smoking is the leading preventable cause of death, followed by poor diet, inactivity, and alcohol abuse  Integrated Pan-Am Strategy – vision is to have a healthy nation in which Canadians support the attainment of good health and improve health outcomes o Healthy eating objective – increase by 20%, the proportion of Canadians who make healthy food choices o Physical activity objective – increase by 20%, the proportion of Canadians who participate regularly in physical activity (based on 30min/day) o Healthy weights objective – increase by 20%, the proportion of Canadians at a healthy body weight (based on BMI in the range of 18.5-24.9)  Pan-Canadian Healthy Living Strategy – aims to decrease chronic diseases by addressing risk factors and societal conditions contributing to them o Takes a population health approach o Considers personal behaviour and social, economic and environmental influences on lifestyle choices o Emphasizes healthy eating, physical activity, and healthy weights  To reach wellness you must examine your current health behaviours o Then choose a target behaviour, obtain accurate information about the behaviour and find outside help  To change behaviour, individuals must:
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