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2012.03.01 - HSci 1001 Reading Review Notes.docx

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Department
Health Sciences
Course
Health Sciences 1001A/B
Professor
Shauna Burke
Semester
Winter

Description
HealthSci Lecture Review Notes Health and Exercise Psychology Reading  Psychological benefits of exercise o Reduced state and trait anxiety o Reduced depression o Improved cognitive functioning o Improved self-esteem (particularly in children and older adults), o enhanced mood states o Improved reactivity to stressors  Physiological benefits of exercise o Improvements to skeletal system (e.g. increased bone density) o Improvements to cardiovascular system (e.g. reduced blood pressure) o Improvements to respiratory system (e.g. enhanced ventilatory diffusion efficiency) o Improvements to muscle system (e.g. hypertrophy) o Improvements to metabolic system (e.g. weight loss)  Very few people exercise and many have difficulty adhering to a program  This paper reviewed 6 sources of evidence linked to context of exercising o Individual preferences  Important in role of enjoying physical activity  People feel better if they do physical activity in their preferred context  Adults: males and females both preferred exercising alone and with others outside of a structured class  Adults: males and females both least preferred exercising in a structured class  Students: males and females both preferred exercising with others outside of a structured class  Students: males least preferred exercising in a structured class and females least preferred exercising completely alone o Meeting the exercise guidelines  Adults should accumulate ‘30 minutes or more of moderate-intensity physical activity on most, preferably all days of the week  More contexts individuals exercise in = more likely to meet these guidelines o Theory  Self-determination theory = various g
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