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Chapter 15

Textbook Review Chapter 15

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Department
Health Sciences
Course
Health Sciences 1002A/B
Professor
Anita Cramp
Semester
Winter

Description
Chapter 15 Textbook Review Alcohol: The intoxicating ingredient in fermented or distilled beverages; a colourless, pungent liquid. - Main component is ethyl alcohol - example beer, ales/ malt liquors, wines (fermentation: sugars from fruit react with yeast to create ethanol) and hard liquors (i.e gin, vodka, tequila, liqueur) - 7 calories per gram - 20% rapidly absorbed into bloodstream; 75% absorbed through upper part of intestine; carbonation and artificial sweeteners increases alcohol absorption; food decreases absorption - Is a depressant - Low concentration of alcohol: light-headedness, relaxation and release of inhibitions - High Concentrations: lower motor coordination, verbal performance, and intellectual function, mood swings memory loss, unable to function, lower sexual function, sleepiness - Hangover: headache, shakiness, nausea, diarrhea, fatigue, impaired mental functioning. Caused by the toxic products of alcohol breakdown, dehydration and hormonal effects and withdrawal of drug - Poisoning: can lead to death. From drinking too much and BAC being too high - Alcohol should not be mixed with other drugs - Alcohol cause impaired judgement and weakened sensory perception and can therefore lead to injuries and violence and bad sexual decision making - Antisocial Personality Disorder: can be caused through being under the influence; people who are predisposed to aggressive behaviour, are highly impulsive and underlying psychiatric conditions - Linked to cancer, brain damage and mortality One Drink: The amount of a beverage that typically contains 13.6 grams of alcohol; also called a standard drink. - 12oz/341ml/5% beer = 5oz/142ml/12% wine = 3oz/85ml/16-18% = 1.5oz/43ml/40% liquor = one drink Metabolism: The chemical transformation of food and other substances in the body into energy and wastes. Main site is the liver but the stomach also does a small part Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC): The amount of alcohol in the blood in terms of weight per unit volume; used as a measure of intoxication. - Factors that effect BAC: o Body weight: smaller person develops a higher BAC than a larger person drinking the same amount o Percentage of Body fat: higher % of body fat usually will develop higher BAC than a more muscular person of the same weight o Sex: women metabolize less alcohol in the stomach than men, women are normally smaller, have a higher % of fat, and due to hormone fluctuations, women will normally have a higher BAC o Balance between rate of alcohol absorption and rate of alcohol metabolism o Time: how many drinks vs in what time pe
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